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      Cardioprotective Potential of Carvedilol

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          Abstract

          Carvedilol is a multiple-action cardiovascular agent that is a nonselective β-adrenoceptor antagonist and a vasodilator, β-Adrenoceptor antagonists reduce myocardial work, secondary to reductions in heart rate and contractility, both in animals and in humans. For these reasons, carvedilol may improve survival of acutely ischemic myocardium. The additional vasodilating activity of carvedilol, further reducing myocardial work by decreasing afterload and ventricular wall tension, may provide additional salvage over that afforded by β-adrenoceptor blockade alone. The comparative ability of carvedilol and propranolol to reduce infarct size in experimental models of acute myocardial infarction in the rat, pig and dog has been investigated utilizing a variety of experimental techniques. In the pig, the calcium channel antagonist, diltiazem, was also included as a second comparator agent. Infarct size was examined on stained tissue sections using quantitative image analysis. In the rat, carvedilol (1 mg/kg) reduced infarct size by 47% (p < 0.01, n = 11), and in the pig, carvedilol, at doses of 0.3 and 1 mg/kg, reduced infarct size by 46% (p < 0.05, n = 6) and 89% (p < 0.001, n = 6), respectively. In dogs subjected to ischemia and reperfusion, carvedilol (1 mg/kg) reduced infarct size by 78% (p < 0.02, n = 6), and in dogs subjected to permanent left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion, carvedilol, at doses of 0.3 and 1 mg/kg, reduced infarct size by 46 and 63%, respectively (p < 0.02, n = 12-16). In all studies, the extent of myocardial survival on carvedilol exceeded that on propranolol. In the pig, the reduction in infarct size produced by carvedilol exceeded that provided by diltiazem. Taken together, these studies demonstrate the ability of carvedilol to protect ischemic myocardial tissue from necrosis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5874-7
          978-3-318-01680-2
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1993
          1993
          14 November 2008
          : 82
          : Suppl 3
          : 24-28
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals p.l.c, King of Prussia, Pa., USA
          Article
          175930 Cardiology 1993;82:24–28
          10.1159/000175930
          8106160
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Session II: Carvedilol - Experimental Background

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