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      An examination of college student wellness: A research and liberal arts perspective

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          Abstract

          Promoting wellness within academia reduces disease frequency and enhances overall health. This study examined wellness factors among undergraduate students attending a research university ( n = 85) or a small liberal arts college ( n = 126). Participants were administered surveys which measured physical, emotional, social, intellectual, and occupational wellness. Significant institutional differences emerged on measures of physical and social wellness. When collapsed across academic institutions, students who were gainfully employed reported greater self-efficacy compared with unemployed students. Gender differences emerged on measures of physical and social well-being. Our findings support the need for targeted interventions that facilitate enhanced college student development and well-being.

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          Most cited references 65

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          Do we really know what makes us happy? A review of the economic literature on the factors associated with subjective well-being

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            Why do women opt out? Sense of belonging and women's representation in mathematics.

            Sense of belonging to math-one's feelings of membership and acceptance in the math domain-was established as a new and an important factor in the representation gap between males and females in math. First, a new scale of sense of belonging to math was created and validated, and was found to predict unique variance in college students' intent to pursue math in the future (Studies 1-2). Second, in a longitudinal study of calculus students (Study 3), students' perceptions of 2 factors in their math environment-the message that math ability is a fixed trait and the stereotype that women have less of this ability than men-worked together to erode women's, but not men's, sense of belonging in math. Their lowered sense of belonging, in turn, mediated women's desire to pursue math in the future and their math grades. Interestingly, the message that math ability could be acquired protected women from negative stereotypes, allowing them to maintain a high sense of belonging in math and the intention to pursue math in the future. (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved.
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              What do men want? Gender differences and two spheres of belongingness: comment on Cross and Madson (1997)

              In response to S. E. Cross and L. Madson's (1997) suggestion that men's behaviors reflect a desire for independence and separateness, the authors propose that those same behaviors are designed to form connections with other people but in a broader social sphere. Women's sociality is oriented toward dyadic close relationships, whereas men's sociality is oriented toward a larger group. Gender differences in aggression, helping behavior, desire for power, uniqueness, self-representations, interpersonal behavior, and intimacy fit this view.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Health Psychol Open
                Health Psychol Open
                HPO
                sphpo
                Health Psychology Open
                SAGE Publications (Sage UK: London, England )
                2055-1029
                02 August 2017
                Jul-Dec 2017
                : 4
                : 2
                Affiliations
                [1 ]The University of Tennessee, USA
                [2 ]Tennessee Wesleyan University, USA
                Author notes
                Debora R Baldwin, Department of Psychology, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. Email: dbaldwin@ 123456utk.edu
                Article
                10.1177_2055102917719563
                10.1177/2055102917719563
                5779921
                © The Author(s) 2017

                This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page( https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

                Categories
                Report of Empirical Study
                Custom metadata
                July-December 2017

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