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      Written emotional expression: Effect sizes, outcome types, and moderating variables.

      Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

      American Psychological Association (APA)

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          Abstract

          A research synthesis was conducted to examine the relationship between a written emotional expression task and subsequent health. This writing task was found to lead to significantly improved health outcomes in healthy participants. Health was enhanced in 4 outcome types--reported physical health, psychological well-being, physiological functioning, and general functioning--but health behaviors were not influenced. Writing also increased immediate (pre- to postwriting) distress, which was unrelated to health outcomes. The relation between written emotional expression and health was moderated by a number of variables, including the use of college students as participants, gender, duration of the manipulation, publication status of the study, and specific writing content instructions.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
          Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
          American Psychological Association (APA)
          1939-2117
          0022-006X
          1998
          1998
          : 66
          : 1
          : 174-184
          Article
          9489272
          © 1998

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