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      Investigation of the Localization of Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulphotransferase in Adult Rat Kidney

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          Abstract

          Sulphotransferases are a family of enzymes involved in the metabolism and detoxification of many compounds. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) sulphotransferase (DHEA-ST), which catalyzes the sulphation of steroids such as DHEA, is present in rat liver and adrenals. Sulphated steroids are present in urine, and many other enzymes which catalyze detoxification reactions are found in the kidney. There are not previous reports of DHEA-ST localization in adult kidney. The activity of DHEA-ST was investigated in adult rat kidney by a radio-isotope assay with DHEA as the substrate. Western blotting was used to assess protein expression, and the localization of DHEA-ST was investigated by immunohistochemistry. The DHEA-ST activity in rat kidney was found to be approximately four times less than that in rat liver. In female kidney, the activity was 1.46 ± 0.06 nmol/min/µg, and in male kidney the activity was 1.29 ± 0.09 nmol/min/µg. Investigation of protein expression gave a single band at 35 kDa which signified the presence of this enzyme in both male and female adult rat kidneys. Localization studies showed positive staining at high intensity in the collecting ducts of the medulla and in the S3 portion of the proximal convoluted tubule in the cortex. The distribution within the proximal tubules was restricted to the brush border. Reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction showed DHEA-ST RNA expression in adult rat kidney and liver. The presence of this enzyme and its location in the kidney may suggest that in situ sulphation via DHEA-ST may play an important role in the excretion of endogenous and exogenous compounds.

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          Adrenal glands of mouse and rat do not synthesize androgens

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            2000
            October 2000
            22 September 2000
            : 86
            : 2
            : 176-182
            Affiliations
            aSchool of Biochemistry, University of Birmingham, and bZeneca Central Toxicology Laboratory, Macclesfield, UK
            Article
            45737 Nephron 2000;86:176–182
            10.1159/000045737
            11014988
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 4, References: 30, Pages: 7
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45737
            Categories
            Original Paper

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