In this paper, the complete mitochondrial genome of Anoplophora chinensis is sequenced and reported for the first time. The mitochondrial genome is a circular molecule of 15 805 bp, 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and 1 control region. Nine protein-coding genes and 14 tRNA genes are encoded on the H strand, and the other four protein-coding genes and eight tRNA genes are encoded on the L strand. The arrangement of genes is identical to all know long-horn beetles mitochondrial genomes. The nucleotide composition of the A. chinensis mitogenome is strongly biased toward A + T nucleotides (77.65%). Finally, the phylogenetic relationships of 12 Lamiinae species were reconstructed based on nucleotide sequences of COI using the Bayesian inference method. These molecular-based phylogenies support the traditional morphologically based view of relationships within the Lamiinae.