This is the first case report of postsurgical constrictive pericarditis confined to the left ventricle in which the majority of diagnosis tests were not indicative of the disease. A 50-year-old woman with a past history of mitral valve replacement was admitted for right heart failure. Cardiac catheterization showed impaired diastolic filling but lacked the characteristic ventricular interdependence recently reported to be specific for the disease, without manifest radiological appearance of pericardial thickening. However, a new technique using magnetic resonance tagging cine revealed pericardial adhesion, limited to the left ventricle, which was confirmed during pericardiectomy. After the surgery, right heart failure and diastolic filling abnormality disappeared with restoration of normal heart pressures.