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      Applicant Reactions to Selection Procedures: An Updated Model and Meta-Analysis

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      Personnel Psychology

      Wiley-Blackwell

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          APPLICANT REACTIONS TO SELECTION PROCEDURES

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            Reactions to cognitive ability tests: the relationships between race, test performance, face validity perceptions, and test-taking motivation.

            The relationships among race, face validity perceptions, test-taking motivation, and test performance on a cognitive ability test were examined. Undergraduates completed 2 parallel cognitive ability tests and a test reactions measure. Results showed that test-taking motivation was related positively to subsequent performance on a parallel test even after the effects of race and performance on the first test were controlled. The effect of race on subsequent test performance was found to be mediated partially by motivation that provided evidence that some portion of the Black-White difference in test performance may be explained through differences in test-taking motivation. Results also indicated that Black-White differences in face validity perceptions of the test may be a function of Black-White differences in test performance. Face validity perceptions of the test affected subsequent performance on the parallel test but only indirectly through test-taking motivation.
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              To justify or excuse?: A meta-analytic review of the effects of explanations.

              The authors used R. Folger and R. Cropanzano's (1998, 2001) fairness theory to derive predictions about the effects of explanation provision and explanation adequacy on justice judgments and cooperation, retaliation, and withdrawal responses. The authors also used the theory to identify potential moderators of those effects, including the type of explanation (justification vs. excuse), outcome favorability, and study context. The authors' predictions were tested by using meta-analyses of 54 independent samples. The results showed strong effects of explanations on both the justice and response variables. Moreover, explanations were more beneficial when they took the form of excuses rather than justifications, when they were given after unfavorable outcomes, and when they were given in contexts with instrumental, relational, and moral implications.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Personnel Psychology
                Personnel Psychology
                Wiley-Blackwell
                0031-5826
                1744-6570
                September 2004
                September 2004
                : 57
                : 3
                : 639-683
                Article
                10.1111/j.1744-6570.2004.00003.x
                © 2004

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