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      Correlation of exchange bias with magneto-structural effects across the compensation temperature of Co(Cr\(_{1-x}\)Fe\(_{x}\))\(_2\)O\(_4\) (x = 0.05 and 0.075)

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          Abstract

          A small amount of Fe (5% and 7.5%) substitution in the Cr-site of the multiferroic compound CoCr2O4 leads to a magnetization reversal. In these compounds, we report a sign change in the exchange bias across the compensation temperature, accompanied by a non-monotonic change in the local moments across the compensation temperature. Such non-monotonic change in the magnetic moments is triggered by a similar change in the lattice structure. We relate here the sign change of exchange bias with that of the crystalline energy of the lattice and the Zeeman energy term arising from the anti-site disorder.

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          Recent advances in magnetic structure determination by neutron powder diffraction

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            Magnetic Reversal of the Ferroelectric Polarization in a Multiferroic Spinel Oxide

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              Exchange bias in LaNiO3-LaMnO3 superlattices.

              The wide spectrum of exotic properties exhibited by transition-metal oxides stems from the complex competition between several quantum interactions. The capacity to select the emergence of specific phases at will is nowadays extensively recognized as key for the design of diverse new devices with tailored functionalities. In this context, interface engineering in complex oxide heterostructures has developed into a flourishing field, enabling not only further tuning of the exceptional properties of these materials, but also giving access to hidden phases and emergent physical phenomena. Here we demonstrate how interfacial interactions can induce a complex magnetic structure in a non-magnetic material. We specifically show that exchange bias can unexpectedly emerge in heterostructures consisting of paramagnetic LaNiO3 (LNO) and ferromagnetic LaMnO3 (LMO). The observation of exchange bias in (111)-oriented LNO-LMO superlattices, manifested as a shift of the magnetization-field loop, not only implies the development of interface-induced magnetism in the paramagnetic LNO layers, but also provides us with a very subtle tool for probing the interfacial coupling between the LNO and LMO layers. First-principles calculations indicate that this interfacial interaction may give rise to an unusual spin order, resembling a spin-density wave, within the LNO layers.
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                Journal
                10.1063/1.4944724
                1601.02086

                Condensed matter

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