To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) laser capsulotomy for posterior capsule opacification (PCO) following combined phacoemulsification and vitrectomy for the treatment of cataract in association with macular hole (MH) or epiretinal membrane (ERM).
Retrospective clinical study of 34 eyes of 34 patients who underwent combined cataract surgery and vitrectomy, developed PCO, and subsequently underwent Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy. Follow-up examinations included visual acuity measurement, evaluation of intraocular lens (IOL) centration, intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement, and dilated fundus examination.
Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy was performed in all 34 eyes. The mean age of the patients was 65.08 years (range 45–87) and the mean follow up period was 11.05 months (range 4–23). The mean time elapsed between the last intraocular operation and the development of PCO was 10.00 months for patients with previous ERM and 15.33 for those with MH (P = 0.001, t-test for equality of means). None of our patients developed recurrence of MH, retinal detachment, IOL dislocation, or permanent IOP elevation.
In our study, the most remarkable observation is that no complication occurred after the YAG capsulotomy, possibly because the eyes were vitrectomized and vitreous seems to play an important role in the occurrence of post-Nd:YAG complications. In addition we noted that PCO seems to occur earlier in the eyes undergoing combined surgery for cataract and ERM when compared with those where combined phacoemulsification and vitrectomy are performed for cataract and MH.