Theodorus G. van Schaik , MD 1 , Jorn P. Meekel , MD 1 , Vincent Jongkind , MD, PhD 3 , Rutger J. Lely , MD 2 , Maarten Truijers , MD, PhD 1 , Arjan W. J. Hoksbergen , MD, PhD 1 , Willem Wisselink , MD, PhD 1 , Jan D. Blankensteijn , MD, PhD 1 , Kak Khee Yeung , MD, PhD 1
21 December 2018
aneurysm model, angulation, balloon-expandable stent-graft, chimney graft, compression, endobag, endograft, endoleak, endovascular aneurysm sealing, gutter, in vitro model, juxtarenal aneurysm, lumen area, lumen volume, self-expanding stent-graft, stent-graft
Purpose: To investigate in an in vitro model if secondary endobag filling can reduce gutter size during chimney endovascular aneurysm sealing (chEVAS). Materials and Methods: Nellix EVAS systems were deployed in 2 silicone juxtarenal aneurysm models with suprarenal aortic diameters of 19 and 24 mm. Four configurations were tested: EVAS with 6-mm balloon-expandable (BE) or self-expanding (SE) chimney grafts (CGs) in the renal branches of both models. Balloons were inflated simultaneously in the CGs and main endografts during primary and secondary endobag filling and polymer curing. Computed tomography (CT) was performed immediately after the primary and secondary fills. Cross-sectional lumen areas were measured on the CT images to calculate gutter volumes and percent change. CG compression was calculated as the reduction in lumen surface area measured perpendicular to the central lumen line. The largest gutter volume and highest compression were presented per CG configuration per model. Results: Secondary endobag filling reduced the largest gutter volumes from 99.4 to 73.1 mm 3 (13.2% change) and 84.2 to 72.0 mm 3 (27.6% change) in the BECG configurations and from 67.2 to 44.0 mm 3 (34.5% change) and 92.7 to 82.3 mm 3 (11.2% change) in the SECG configurations in the 19- and 24-mm models, respectively. Secondary endobag filling increased CG compression in 6 of 8 configurations. BECG compression changed by −0.2% and 5.4% and by −1.0% and 0.4% in the 19- and 24-mm models, respectively. SECG compression changed by 10.2% and 16.0% and by 7.2% and 7.3% in the 19- and 24-mm models, respectively. Conclusion: Secondary endobag filling reduced paragraft gutters; however, this technique did not obliterate them. Increased CG compression and prolonged renal ischemia time should be considered if secondary endobag filling is used.