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      Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis: Mechanical and Infectious Complications

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          Abstract

          The present report summarizes the mechanical and infectious complications attributable to the devices and procedures used for chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD), comparing the type and frequency of such complications in contemporaneous groups of patients undergoing continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) or intermittent PD (IPD). Mechanical complications related directly to the catheter and its placement proved to be equally frequent during CAPD and IPD. On the other hand, mechanical complications related to increased intraperitoneal pressure were more frequent during CAPD. In most instances mechanical complication can be managed without permanent interruption of chronic PD. Peritonitis occurs more frequently during CAPD (1.6 episodes per patient-year) than during IPD (0.4 episodes per patient-year), with a tendency to more frequent peritonitis among diabetics, children, patients with white blood cell abnormalities, patients with catheter cuff or tunnel inflammation, and during the 1st month of treatment. Medical therapy eradicates peritonitis and allows continuation of chronic PD with retention of the catheter in more than 90% of episodes, although special problems may be encountered with fungal, pseudomonal, and some coagulase-positive staphylococcal infections.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1985
          1985
          04 December 2008
          : 40
          : 1
          : 29-37
          Affiliations
          Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Mich., USA
          Article
          183423 Nephron 1985;40:29–37
          10.1159/000183423
          4000335
          © 1985 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Original Paper

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