Elise Arrivé , 1 , 2 , Samuel Ayaya 3 , Mary‐Ann Davies 4 , Cleophas Chimbetete 5 , Andrew Edmonds 6 , Patricia Lelo 7 , Siew Moy Fong 8 , Kamarul Azahar Razali 9 , Kouadio Kouakou 10 , Stephany N Duda 11 , Valériane Leroy 12 , Rachel C Vreeman 13 , 14 , the IeDEA Pediatric Working Group
04 July 2018
Disclosure of HIV status to HIV‐infected children and adolescents is a major care challenge. We describe current site characteristics related to disclosure of HIV status in resource‐limited paediatric HIV care settings within the International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (Ie DEA) consortium.
An online site assessment survey was conducted across the paediatric HIV care sites within six global regions of Ie DEA. A standardized questionnaire was administered to the sites through the REDCap platform.
From June 2014 to March 2015, all 180 sites of the Ie DEA consortium in 31 countries completed the online survey: 57% were urban, 43% were health centres and 86% were integrated clinics (serving both adults and children). Almost all the sites (98%) reported offering disclosure counselling services. Disclosure counselling was most often provided by counsellors (87% of sites), but also by nurses (77%), physicians (74%), social workers (68%), or other clinicians (65%). It was offered to both caregivers and children in 92% of 177 sites with disclosure counselling. Disclosure resources and procedures varied across geographical regions. Most sites in each region reported performing staff members' training on disclosure (72% to 96% of sites per region), routinely collecting HIV disclosure status (50% to 91%) and involving caregivers in the disclosure process (71% to 100%). A disclosure protocol was available in 14% to 71% of sites. Among the 143 sites (79%) routinely collecting disclosure status process, the main collection method was by asking the caregiver or child (85%) about the child's knowledge of his/her HIV status. Frequency of disclosure status assessment was every three months in 63% of the sites, and 71% stored disclosure status data electronically.
The majority of the sites reported offering disclosure counselling services, but educational and social support resources and capacities for data collection varied across regions. Paediatric HIV care sites worldwide still need specific staff members' training on disclosure, development and implementation of guidelines for HIV disclosure, and standardized data collection on this key issue to ensure the long‐term health and wellbeing of HIV‐infected youth.