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      Carbon capture and conversion using metal–organic frameworks and MOF-based materials

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          This review summarizes recent advances and highlights the structure–property relationship on metal–organic framework-based materials for carbon dioxide capture and conversion.


          Rapidly increasing atmospheric CO 2 concentrations threaten human society, the natural environment, and the synergy between the two. In order to ameliorate the CO 2 problem, carbon capture and conversion techniques have been proposed. Metal–organic framework (MOF)-based materials, a relatively new class of porous materials with unique structural features, high surface areas, chemical tunability and stability, have been extensively studied with respect to their applicability to such techniques. Recently, it has become apparent that the CO 2 capture capabilities of MOF-based materials significantly boost their potential toward CO 2 conversion. Furthermore, MOF-based materials’ well-defined structures greatly facilitate the understanding of structure–property relationships and their roles in CO 2 capture and conversion. In this review, we provide a comprehensive account of significant progress in the design and synthesis of MOF-based materials, including MOFs, MOF composites and MOF derivatives, and their application to carbon capture and conversion. Special emphases on the relationships between CO 2 capture capacities of MOF-based materials and their catalytic CO 2 conversion performances are discussed.

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          Most cited references 385

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          Functional Porous Coordination Polymers

          The chemistry of the coordination polymers has in recent years advanced extensively, affording various architectures, which are constructed from a variety of molecular building blocks with different interactions between them. The next challenge is the chemical and physical functionalization of these architectures, through the porous properties of the frameworks. This review concentrates on three aspects of coordination polymers: 1). the use of crystal engineering to construct porous frameworks from connectors and linkers ("nanospace engineering"), 2). characterizing and cataloging the porous properties by functions for storage, exchange, separation, etc., and 3). the next generation of porous functions based on dynamic crystal transformations caused by guest molecules or physical stimuli. Our aim is to present the state of the art chemistry and physics of and in the micropores of porous coordination polymers.
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            Metal-organic frameworks in biomedicine.

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              Modular chemistry: secondary building units as a basis for the design of highly porous and robust metal-organic carboxylate frameworks.

              Secondary building units (SBUs) are molecular complexes and cluster entities in which ligand coordination modes and metal coordination environments can be utilized in the transformation of these fragments into extended porous networks using polytopic linkers (1,4-benzenedicarboxylate, 1,3,5,7-adamantanetetracarboxylate, etc.). Consideration of the geometric and chemical attributes of the SBUs and linkers leads to prediction of the framework topology, and in turn to the design and synthesis of a new class of porous materials with robust structures and high porosity.

                Author and article information

                Chemical Society Reviews
                Chem. Soc. Rev.
                Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
                May 20 2019
                : 48
                : 10
                : 2783-2828
                [1 ]Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale
                [2 ]CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry
                [3 ]Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology
                [4 ]Department of Chemistry
                [5 ]University of Science and Technology of China
                [6 ]University of California-Berkeley
                [7 ]Materials Sciences Division
                [8 ]Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
                [9 ]Kavli Energy NanoSciences Institute
                © 2019

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