Adolescent cyberbullying refers to adolescents who are subjected to offensive and violent behavior in social network environments through electronic technologies. Due to the anonymity of the Internet and the rapidity of transmission, cyberbullying has a serious and far-reaching impact on the physical and mental health of teenagers. With the development of information technology, various forms of cyberbullying have emerged, and the formation mechanism and influencing factors of cyberbullying are diverse and complex. This article systematically reviews the research progress in cyberbullying by evaluating the epidemic characteristics, influencing factors, and related theoretical models that are relevant to adolescents, so as to provide a referential framework to build a public health system that can prevent cyberbullying in families, schools, and society.
【摘要】 青少年网络欺凌是在电子社交网络环境下, 通过电子手段对青少年实施的攻击性暴力行为, 且由于网络的匿名 性和传播的快速性, 对青少年身心产生严重而深远的影响。随着信息技术的发展, 网络欺凌方式层出不穷, 网络欺凌的影 响因素和形成机制多样复杂。本文从流行特征、影响因素、相关理论模型等角度系统阐述了青少年网络欺凌的研究进展, 以期能为家庭、学校、社会构建预防青少年网络欺凌的公共卫生体系提供借鉴。