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Transport, multifractality, and the breakdown of single-parameter scaling at the localization transition in quasiperiodic systems

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      Abstract

      There has been a revival of interest in localization phenomena in quasiperiodic systems with a view to examining how they differ fundamentally from such phenomena in random systems. Mo- tivated by this, we study transport in the quasiperiodic, one-dimentional (1d) Aubry-Andre model and its generalizations to 2d and 3d. We study the conductance of open systems, connected to leads, as well as the Thouless conductance, which measures the response of a closed system to boundary perturbations. We find that these conductances show signatures of a metal-insulator transition from an insulator, with localized states, to a metal, with extended states having (a) ballistic transport (1d), (b) superdiffusive transport (2d), or (c) diffusive transport (3d); precisely at the transition, the system displays sub-diffusive critical states. We calculate the beta function \(\beta(g) = dln(g)/dln(L)\) and show that, in 1d and 2d, single-parameter scaling is unable to describe the transition. Further- more, the conductances show strong non-monotonic variations with L and an intricate structure of resonant peaks and subpeaks. In 1d the positions of these peaks can be related precisely to the prop- erties of the number that characterizes the quasiperiodicity of the potential; and the L-dependence of the Thouless conductance is multifractal. We find that, as d increases, this non-monotonic de- pendence of g on L decreases and, in 3d, our results for \(\beta(g)\) are reasonably well approximated by single-parameter scaling.

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      Most cited references 30

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        Relation between conductivity and transmission matrix

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          Observation of many-body localization of interacting fermions in a quasi-random optical lattice

          We experimentally observe many-body localization of interacting fermions in a one-dimensional quasi-random optical lattice. We identify the many-body localization transition through the relaxation dynamics of an initially-prepared charge density wave. For sufficiently weak disorder the time evolution appears ergodic and thermalizing, erasing all remnants of the initial order. In contrast, above a critical disorder strength a significant portion of the initial ordering persists, thereby serving as an effective order parameter for localization. The stationary density wave order and the critical disorder value show a distinctive dependence on the interaction strength, in agreement with numerical simulations. We connect this dependence to the ubiquitous logarithmic growth of entanglement entropy characterizing the generic many-body localized phase.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            30 October 2018
            1810.12931

            http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

            Custom metadata
            82D30
            13 pages, 6 figures
            cond-mat.dis-nn

            Theoretical physics

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