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      Estimation of injury costs: financial damage of English Premier League teams’ underachievement due to injuries

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          In individual sports, the effect that injuries have on an athlete’s performance, success and financial profit is implicit. In contrast, the effect of a single player’s injury or one player’s absence in team sports is much more difficult to quantify, both from the performance perspective and the financial perspective.


          In this study, we attempted to estimate the effect of injuries on the performance of football teams from the English Premier League (EPL), and the financial implications derived from this effect.


          Our analysis is based on data regarding game results, injuries and estimations of the players’ financial value for the 2012–2013 through the 2016–2017 seasons.


          We found a statistically significant relationship (r=−0.46, 95% CI −0.6 to −0.28, p=0.001) between the number of days out due to injuries suffered by team members during a season and the place difference between their actual and expected finish in the EPL table (according to overall player value). Moreover, we can interpolate that approximately 136 days out due to injury causes a team the loss of one league point, and that approximately 271 days out due to injury costs a team one place in the table. This interpolation formula is used as a heuristic model, and given the relationship specified above accounts for a significant portion of the variance in league placement (21%), the remaining variance is related to other factors. Calculating the costs of wage bills and prize money, we estimate that an EPL team loses an average of £45 million sterling due to injury-related decrement in performance per season.


          Professional football clubs have a strong economic incentive to invest in injury prevention and rehabilitation programmes.

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          Most cited references 13

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          Injuries affect team performance negatively in professional football: an 11-year follow-up of the UEFA Champions League injury study.

          The influence of injuries on team performance in football has only been scarcely investigated.
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            The financial cost of hamstring strain injuries in the Australian Football League.

            Hamstring strain injuries (HSIs) have remained the most prevalent injury in the Australian Football League (AFL) over the past 21 regular seasons. The effect of HSIs in sports is often expressed as regular season games missed due to injury. However, the financial cost of athletes missing games due to injury has not been investigated. The aim of this report is to estimate the financial cost of games missed due to HSIs in the AFL.
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              Monitoring Fatigue Status in Elite Team-Sport Athletes: Implications for Practice


                Author and article information

                BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med
                BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med
                BMJ Open Sport — Exercise Medicine
                BMJ Publishing Group (BMA House, Tavistock Square, London, WC1H 9JR )
                20 May 2020
                : 6
                : 1
                [1 ]departmentPhysical Education , The Academic College at Wingate, Department of Physical Education , Netanya, Israel
                [2 ]departmentPhysical Education , Kaye Academic College of Education , Beer-Sheva, Israel
                Author notes
                [Correspondence to ] Dr Elia Morgulev; eliamorgulev@ 123456yahoo.com
                © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

                This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See:  http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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                soccer, prevention, injuries, football


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