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      Notes for an Archaeology of Discarded Drug Paraphernalia

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          Abstract

          This article explores the values and challenges of an archaeological approach to illicit drug use, based on the study of discarded drug paraphernalia. It builds upon recent archaeological studies of homeless people, refugees and other marginalised communities that have used participative methods to challenge societal stigma and erasure. Following a critique of previous archaeological studies of drug use, the core of the article is a detailed analysis of an assemblage of drug paraphernalia in Oxford, UK. In interpreting this assemblage and its material and emotional contexts we draw on our respective contemporary archaeological and drug user activist experience and expertise. By providing a critical overview of previous studies and a detailed case study, this article aims to provide a practical and conceptual foundation for future archaeological studies of illicit drug use.

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          Most cited references 37

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          Risk environments and drug harms: a social science for harm reduction approach.

           Tim Rhodes (2009)
          A 'risk environment' framework promotes an understanding of harm, and harm reduction, as a matter of 'contingent causation'. Harm is contingent upon social context, comprising interactions between individuals and environments. There is a momentum of interest in understanding how the relations between individuals and environments impact on the production and reduction of drug harms, and this is reflected by broader debates in the social epidemiology, political economy, and sociology of health. This essay maps some of these developments, and a number of challenges. These include: social epidemiological approaches seeking to capture the socially constructed and dynamic nature of individual-environment interactions; political-economic approaches giving sufficient attention to how risk is situated differentially in local contexts, and to the role of agency and experience; understanding how public health as well as harm reduction discourses act as sites of 'governmentality' in risk subjectivity; and focusing on the logics of everyday habits and practices as a means to understanding how structural risk environments are incorporated into experience. Overall, the challenge is to generate empirical and theoretical work which encompasses both 'determined' and 'productive' relations of risk across social structures and everyday practices. A risk environment approach brings together multiple resources and methods in social science, and helps frame a 'social science for harm reduction'.
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            Time to Destroy

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              The Archaeology of Emotion and Affect

               Sarah Tarlow (2012)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                ai
                Archaeology International
                UCL Press (UK )
                2048-4194
                30 December 2020
                : 23
                : 1
                : 104-121
                Affiliations
                1UCL Institute of Archaeology, UK
                2Department of Family Medicine, University of Pretoria, South Africa
                Author notes
                Article
                10.14324/111.444.ai.2020.09
                Copyright © 2020, Gabriel Moshenska and Shaun Shelly

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC BY) 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 1, References: 29, Pages: 19
                Categories
                Research Articles and Updates

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                Archaeology International
                Volume 23, Issue 1

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