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      DETERMINING THE EFFECT OF BUILDING GEOMETRY ON ENERGY USE PATTERNS OF OFFICE BUILDINGS IN TORONTO

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          Abstract

          The project investigated the potential of building geometry to minimize energy consumption in office buildings. Five distinct geometries were modeled as mid-size office occupancies in the context of Toronto, Ontario, and examined with varied design parameters: window to wall ratio (WWR) and external static shading devices. IES VE software was used to predict the annual energy consumption of the five archetypes for 40 permutations. The outcome of this research showed that the variation of the total energy use from one shape to another was relatively small. WWR appeared to have a stronger impact on the energy pattern of a building than its shape. Overall, the energy performance of the archetypes were observed to conform to their individual building aspect ratios. The findings are thus expected to provide useful guidelines for architects on utilizing building geometry as an energy saving measure in the design of office buildings.

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          Most cited references17

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          Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings

          (2007)
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            Nonresidential Cooling and Heating Load Calculations

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              “Design with Energy in Mind”

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jgrb
                Journal of Green Building
                College Publishing
                1552-6100
                1943-4618
                1943-4618
                Spring 2014
                : 9
                : 2
                : 124-144
                Author notes

                aJunior Project Manager, BEST Consultants Martin Gerskup Architect Inc., Canada, tonimaf@ 123456gmail.com (corresponding author).

                bProfessor, Department of Architectural Science, Ryerson University, Canada, mgorgo@ 123456ryerson.ca .

                Article
                jgb.9.2.124
                10.3992/1943-4618-9.2.124
                c046887d-e80b-4dfd-a45c-41a8562e3a7d
                ©2014 by College Publishing. All rights reserved.

                Volumes 1-10 of JOGB are open access and do not require permission for use, though proper citation should be given. To view the licenses, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

                History
                Page count
                Pages: 21
                Categories
                RESEARCH ARTICLES

                Urban design & Planning,Civil engineering,Environmental management, Policy & Planning,Architecture,Environmental engineering
                simulation,IES VE,energy consumption,shading devices,window to wall ratio,building geometry

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