The prediction of an additional space for the dose sparing of organs at risk (OAR) in radiotherapy is still difficult. In this pursuit, the present study was envisaged to find out the factors affecting the bladder and rectum dosimetry of cervical cancer. Additionally, the relationship between the dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters and the geometry and plan dose-volume optimization parameters of the bladder/rectum was established to develop the dose prediction models and guide the planning design for lower OARs dose coverage directly. Thirty volume modulated radiation therapy (VMAT) plans from cervical cancer patients were randomly chosen to build the dose prediction models. The target dose coverage was evaluated. Dose prediction models were established by univariate and multiple linear regression among the dosimetric parameters of the bladder/rectum, the geometry parameters (planning target volume (PTV), volume of bladder/rectum, overlap volume of bladder/rectum (OV), and overlapped volume as a percentage of bladder/rectum volume (OP)), and corresponding plan dose-volume optimization parameters of the nonoverlapping structures (the structure of bladder/rectum outside the PTV (NOS)). Finally, the accuracy of the prediction models was evaluated by tracking d = (predicted dose-actual dose)/actual in additional ten VMAT plans. V 30, V 35, and V 40 of the bladder and rectum were found to be multiple linearly correlated with the relevant OP and corresponding dose-volume optimization parameters of NOS (regression R 2 > 0.99, P < 0.001). The variations of these models were less than 0.5% for bladder and rectum. Percentage of bladder and rectum within the PTV and the dose-volume optimization parameters of NOS could be used to predict the dose quantitatively. The parameters of NOS as a limited condition could be used in the plan optimization instead of limiting the dose and volume of the entire OAR traditionally, which made the plan optimization more unified and convenient and strengthened the plan quality and consistency.