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      Falls efficacy as a measure of fear of falling.

      1 , ,
      Journal of gerontology
      Oxford University Press (OUP)

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          Abstract

          We developed the Falls Efficacy Scale (FES), an instrument to measure fear of falling, based on the operational definition of this fear as "low perceived self-efficacy at avoiding falls during essential, nonhazardous activities of daily living." The reliability and validity of the FES were assessed in two samples of community-living elderly persons. The FES showed good test-retest reliability (Pearson's correlation 0.71). Subjects who reported avoiding activities because of fear of falling had higher FES scores, representing lower self-efficacy or confidence, than subjects not reporting fear of falling. The independent predictors of FES score were usual walking pace (a measure of physical ability), anxiety, and depression. The FES appears to be a reliable and valid method for measuring fear of falling. This instrument may be useful in assessing the independent contribution of fear of falling to functional decline among elderly people.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Gerontol
          Journal of gerontology
          Oxford University Press (OUP)
          0022-1422
          0022-1422
          Nov 1990
          : 45
          : 6
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine.
          Article
          10.1093/geronj/45.6.p239
          2229948
          c05f3d54-a568-4c31-80f0-819e1aba889e
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