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      Translated title: Bats (mammalia: chiroptera) from the caatinga scrublands of the crateus region, northeastern Brazil, with new records for the state of Ceará

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          Translated abstract

          Embora inventários da quiropterofauna estejam disponíveis para algumas localidades do Nordeste brasileiro, os estudos em área de caatinga arbustiva ainda são escassos. O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar um levantamento e atualização da quiropterofauna em uma área de caatinga arbustiva na Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural (RPPN Serra das Almas), localizada no Planalto da Ibiapaba, estado do Ceará. A assembleia de morcegos da Reserva foi inventariada em julho de 2012 (período chuvoso) e janeiro de 2013 (período seco), totalizando 19 noites de amostragem. Um total de 347 indivíduos de 23 espécies e seis famílias foi capturado. A quiropterofauna é caracterizada por uma dominância de poucas espécies mais abundantes, particularmente filostomídeos frugívoros, e várias outras menos abundantes, o que é freqüente em inventários com redes armadas ao nível do solo. Tonatia saurophila e Chiroderma vizottoi, essa última recentemente descrita e conhecida apenas da localidade tipo, são registradas pela primeira vez no Ceará, onde 66 espécies de morcegos estão agora registradas.

          Translated abstract

          Whereas surveys of the bat fauna are available for some localities in the Brazilian Northeast, studies in the caatinga scrublands are still limited. The aim of this study was to survey the bat fauna in an area of caatinga scrublands in the Private Natural Heritage Reserve (RPPN Serra das Almas), which is located on the Ibiapaba Plateau, State of Ceará. The bat assemblage of the reserve was surveyed in July 2012 (rainy season), and January 2013 (dry season), with a total of 19 sampling nights. We captured 347 individuals of 23 species representing six families. The bat fauna was characterized by the predominance of a few abundant species, in particular phyllostomid frugivores, and many rare species, which is frequent in studies based on mist nets at ground level. The first records of Tonatia saurophila and Chiroderma vizottoi (recently described and known only from its type locality) are reported for the State of Ceará, where 66 bat species are now known to occur.

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          Most cited references 67

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          A field guide to the mammals of Central America and Southeast Mexico

           F. A Reid,  F. REID,  A. Reid (1997)
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            Caatinga Revisited: Ecology and Conservation of an Important Seasonal Dry Forest

            Besides its extreme climate conditions, the Caatinga (a type of tropical seasonal forest) hosts an impressive faunal and floristic biodiversity. In the last 50 years there has been a considerable increase in the number of studies in the area. Here we aimed to present a review of these studies, focusing on four main fields: vertebrate ecology, plant ecology, human ecology, and ethnobiology. Furthermore, we identify directions for future research. We hope that the present paper will help defining actions and strategies for the conservation of the biological diversity of the Caatinga.
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              The coexistence of two frugivorous bat species and the phenology of their food plants in Brazil

              Carollia perspicillataandSturnira liliumare two species of abundant and widely distributed phyllostomid bats. Both are frugivorous and frequently found coexisting in the same areas. A study on feeding habits and morphology ofC. perspicillataandS. liliumwas conducted at Serra do Japi, Sấo Paulo, south-eastern Brazil, investigating the mechanisms associated with their coexistence. The two species are fairly similar in morphology and feeding habits. Analysis of faeces produced by captured bats revealed that there is a significant difference in diet between the two species.C. perspicillatatends to specialize in fruits of the genusPiperandS. liliumspecializes inSolariumfruits. The fruiting periods of the four species ofPipereaten by bats at the study site are successive, with little overlap and high productivity. The species of Solarium have long and overlapping fruiting periods, with very low productivity.PiperandSolariumprovide food resources almost all year, allowing the food specialization that may be an important mechanism of resource partitioning betweenC. perspicillataandS. lilium.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                mznt
                Mastozoología neotropical
                Mastozool. neotrop.
                Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamíferos (SAREM) (Mendoza, Mendoza, Argentina )
                0327-9383
                1666-0536
                December 2015
                : 22
                : 2
                : 335-348
                Affiliations
                Seropédica RJ orgnameUFRRJ Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro orgdiv1Instituto de Biologia orgdiv2Laboratório de Mastozoologia Brazil
                Rio de Janeiro RJ orgnameInstituto Resgatando o Verde Brazil
                Rio de Janeiro RJ orgnameFundação Oswaldo Cruz orgdiv1IOC orgdiv2Laboratório de Biologia e Parasitologia de Mamíferos Silvestres Reservatórios Brazil
                Rio de Janeiro RJ orgnameMuseu Nacional/UFRJ orgdiv1Departamento de Vertebrados orgdiv2Mastozoologia Brazil
                Rio de Janeiro RJ orgnameFundação Instituto Oswaldo Cruz orgdiv1Laboratório de Referência Nacional para Vetores das Riquetsioses Brazil
                Article
                S0327-93832015000200011

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 70, Pages: 14
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