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      Smad interacting protein 1 as a regulator of skin fibrosis in pathological scars.

      Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
      Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Child, Cicatrix, metabolism, Collagen, Collagen Type I, Down-Regulation, Female, Fibroblasts, drug effects, Fibrosis, Humans, Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Keloid, Male, Matrix Metalloproteinase 1, Middle Aged, RNA, Messenger, Skin, Transforming Growth Factor beta, pharmacology, Young Adult

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          Keloids and hypertrophic scars are significant symptomatic clinical problems characterized by the excessive and abnormal deposition of collagen-based extracellular matrix (ECM) components. However, the molecular basis of keloid and hypertrophic scar formation has not been fully elucidated. Here, we demonstrated that down-regulation of the transcription factor Smad interacting protein 1 (SIP1) could be relevant to keloid and hypertrophic scar formation. The results of the present study show that the level of SIP1 mRNA is significantly decreased in pathological scar tissues and in normal skin and pathological scar fibroblasts treated with transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1). In contrast, the expression of SIP1 mRNA is not decreased in normotrophic scar samples. The SIP1 mRNA level inversely correlates with the mRNA level of type I collagen (COL1A2) and directly correlates with the mRNA level of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP1). Overexpression of SIP1 in keloid and hypertrophic scar fibroblasts represses TGF-β1-stimulated COL1A2 expression and induces MMP1 expression. Alternatively, knockdown of SIP1 in normal skin fibroblasts enhance TGF-β1-induced COL1A2 levels. These findings suggest that SIP1 could be a regulator of skin fibrosis, and depletion of SIP1 in pathological scar tissues could result in an up-regulation of collagen and down-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase, leading to an abnormal accumulation of ECM along with fibrosis and pathological scar formation. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

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