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      Genomewide association study using a high-density single nucleotide polymorphism array and case-control design identifies a novel essential hypertension susceptibility locus in the promoter region of endothelial NO synthase.

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      Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979)

      Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)

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          Abstract

          Essential hypertension is a multifactorial disorder and is the main risk factor for renal and cardiovascular complications. The research on the genetics of hypertension has been frustrated by the small predictive value of the discovered genetic variants. The HYPERGENES Project investigated associations between genetic variants and essential hypertension pursuing a 2-stage study by recruiting cases and controls from extensively characterized cohorts recruited over many years in different European regions. The discovery phase consisted of 1865 cases and 1750 controls genotyped with 1M Illumina array. Best hits were followed up in a validation panel of 1385 cases and 1246 controls that were genotyped with a custom array of 14 055 markers. We identified a new hypertension susceptibility locus (rs3918226) in the promoter region of the endothelial NO synthase gene (odds ratio: 1.54 [95% CI: 1.37-1.73]; combined P=2.58 · 10(-13)). A meta-analysis, using other in silico/de novo genotyping data for a total of 21 714 subjects, resulted in an overall odds ratio of 1.34 (95% CI: 1.25-1.44; P=1.032 · 10(-14)). The quantitative analysis on a population-based sample revealed an effect size of 1.91 (95% CI: 0.16-3.66) for systolic and 1.40 (95% CI: 0.25-2.55) for diastolic blood pressure. We identified in silico a potential binding site for ETS transcription factors directly next to rs3918226, suggesting a potential modulation of endothelial NO synthase expression. Biological evidence links endothelial NO synthase with hypertension, because it is a critical mediator of cardiovascular homeostasis and blood pressure control via vascular tone regulation. This finding supports the hypothesis that there may be a causal genetic variation at this locus.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Hypertension
          Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979)
          Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)
          1524-4563
          0194-911X
          Feb 2012
          : 59
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Medicine, Surgery, and Dentistry, Graduate School of Nephrology, University of Milano, Division of Nephrology, San Paolo Hospital, Milano, Viale Ortles 22/4, 20139 Milano, Italy.
          Article
          HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.181990 UKMS40366
          10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.181990
          3272453
          22184326
          c09d1a3a-fb92-481b-8b9e-60c477f6f83c

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