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      Induction and overcoming of dormancy of grapevine buds in response to thermal variations in the winter period Translated title: Indução e superação da dormência de gemas de videiras em resposta a variações térmicas no período hibernal


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          ABSTRACT: This study quantified the chilling requirements for the induction and overcoming of endodormancy (chilling-controlled physiological dormancy) of grapevines buds. Cuttings of the cultivars Chardonnay, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon were collected in vineyards in Veranópolis-RS in the winter period of 2019 and 2020. The cuttings were kept at a constant temperature of 7.2 °C or daily cycles of 7.2/18 °C for 6/18 h, 12/12 h or 18/6 h, up to 600 chilling hours (CH). Every 50 CH, part of the cuttings from each treatment was transferred to a temperature of 25 °C for daily assessment of the budburst in the green tip stage. The cultivars had different chilling requirements for inducing and overcoming endodormancy, reaching a total of 150 CH for ‘Chardonnay’, 300 CH for ‘Merlot’ and 400 CH for ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’. Of these, 50 CH were required to induce endodormancy in cultivars Chardonnay and Merlot and 100 CH for cultivar Cabernet Sauvignon. Dormancy evolution did not differ between cultivars in response to thermal regimes, with a temperature of 18 °C inert to the accumulation of CH. Precocity and uniformity of budburst were higher after chilling requirements were met during endodormancy for each genotype.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMO: Este estudo visou quantificar as necessidades de frio para a indução e superação da endodormência (dormência fisiológica controlada por frio) de gemas de videiras. Estacas de das cultivares Chardonnay, Merlot e Cabernet Sauvignon foram coletadas em vinhedos em Veranópolis-RS, no período hibernal de 2019 e 2020. As estacas foram submetidas a temperatura de 7,2 ºC constante ou a ciclos diários de 7,2/18 °C por 6/18 h, 12/12 h ou 18/6 h, até 600 horas de frio (HF). A cada 50 HF, parte das estacas de cada tratamento foi transferida para a temperatura de 25°C, para avaliação diária da brotação das gemas, em estádio de ponta verde. As cultivares tiveram necessidades distintas de frio para indução e superação da endodormência, atingindo um total de 150 HF para ‘Chardonnay’, 300 HF para ‘Merlot’ e 400 HF para ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’. Destes totais, 50 HF foram necessárias para indução da endodormência nas cultivares Chardonnay e Merlot e 100 HF na cultivar Cabernet Sauvignon. A evolução da dormência não diferiu entre cultivares em resposta aos regimes térmicos, sendo a temperatura de 18 °C inerte ao acúmulo de HF. A precocidade e uniformidade de brotação das gemas foram maiores após suprido o frio na dormência para cada genótipo.

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          Most cited references22

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          The dynamic nature of bud dormancy in trees: environmental control and molecular mechanisms.

          In tree species native to temperate and boreal regions, the activity-dormancy cycle is an important adaptive trait both for survival and growth. We discuss recent research on mechanisms controlling the overlapping developmental processes that define the activity-dormancy cycle, including cessation of apical growth, bud development, induction, maintenance and release of dormancy, and bud burst. The cycle involves an extensive reconfiguration of metabolism. Environmental control of the activity-dormancy cycle is based on perception of photoperiodic and temperature signals, reflecting adaptation to prevailing climatic conditions. Several molecular actors for control of growth cessation have been identified, with the CO/FT regulatory network and circadian clock having important coordinating roles in control of growth and dormancy. Other candidate regulators of bud set, dormancy and bud burst have been identified, such as dormancy-associated MADS-box factors, but their exact roles remain to be discovered. Epigenetic mechanisms also appear to factor in control of the activity-dormancy cycle. Despite evidence for gibberellins as negative regulators in growth cessation, and ABA and ethylene in bud formation, understanding of the roles that plant growth regulators play in controlling the activity-dormancy cycle is still very fragmentary. Finally, some of the challenges for further research in bud dormancy are discussed. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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            Chilling requirements of peach varieties

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                Author and article information

                Ciência Rural
                Cienc. Rural
                Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (Santa Maria, RS, Brazil )
                : 51
                : 11
                : e20200887
                [1] Veranópolis RS orgnameSecretaria da Agricultura, Pecuária e Desenvolvimento Rural orgdiv1Departamento de Diagnóstico e Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasil
                S0103-84782021001100202 S0103-8478(21)05101100202

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                : 22 September 2020
                : 03 March 2021
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 22, Pages: 0

                SciELO Brazil

                Crop Production

                horas de frio,Vitis vinifera,brotação,endodormência,budburst,endodormancy,chilling hours


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