Objective To explore the correlation between malocclusion and body image issues in college students.
Methods A total of 1 851 students in three universities in Jingmen were selected by using stratified cluster sampling method. Angle’s classification of malocclusion was used to determine the number of three types of malocclusions. Body image issues were self-reported and its relationship with different types of malocclusions was explored.
Results The proportions of Classes I, II and III malocclusion in college students with malocclusion were 71.21%, 16.32%, and 12.47%, respectively. The detection rates of body image issues among students with Classes I, II and III malocclusions were 36.64%, 54.78% and 65.83%, respectively. No significant difference were found in the detection rates of sexual organ issues and gender issues in college students with different types of malocclusions (χ 2 = 0.75, 0.53, P > 0.05). There were significant differences in the detection rates of appearance troubles (27.59%, 33.12%, 50.83%) and stature troubles (24.09%, 31.21%, 44.17%) in students with Classes I, II and III malocclusions (χ 2 = 5.62, 2.89, P < 0.05).
Conclusion The prevalence of body image issues in college students increases with severity of malocclusions. Appearance and stature troubles are issues mostly concerned among college students. Psychological evaluation for students with Class III malocclusion should be especially emphasized when administrating orthodontic treatment.
【摘要】 目的探析大学生错牙合畸形与体像烦恼的相关性, 以引导大学生形成积极的体像观念以及对有体像烦恼的错船 畸形在校大学生提供心理帮助。 方法2018年9一12月在荆楚理工学院、湖北职业技术学院、襄阳职业技术学院分层整 群抽取1 851名在校大学生, 随后参照Angle分类法筛查出不同类型的错牙合畸形大学生, 运用青少年学生体像烦恼问卷进 行调查评定, 探求在校大学生中不同类型错牙合畸形与体像烦恼之间的关系。 结果在校大学生I、II、III类错牙合畸形的比 例分别为71.21%, 16.32%, 12.47%; 在校大学生I、II、III类错牙合畸形中存在体像困扰的检出率分别为36.64%, 54.78%, 65.83%。在青少年学生体像烦恼分值比较中, I、II、III类不同错牙合类型在校大学生在性器官烦恼、性别烦恼检出率差异 均无统计学意义(χ 2值分别为0.75, 0.53, P值均> 0.05);而容貌烦恼检出率分别为27.59%, 33.12%, 50.83%, 形体烦恼检出 率分别为24.09%, 31.21%, 44.17%, 差异均有统计学意义(χ 2值分别为5.62, 2.89, P 值均 < 0.05)。 结论大学生具有体像 烦恼比例最高是III类错牙合畸形, 其中容貌烦恼和形体烦恼维度是大学生最希望解决的问题。口腔临床医师在矫治过程中 特别需要重视III类错潘畸形在校大学生的心理需求, 从而提高患者满意度。