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      The Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System in Mother and Fetus at Term

      , ,

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Renin, Renin substrate, Angiotensin I and II, Aldosterone, Cortisol, Newborn, Fetus

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          Abstract

          Plasma renin activity, renin substrate, angiotensin II, aldosterone and cortisol were measured concurrently and renin concentration calculated in plasma from mothers during labor and delivery, from cord and from newborn infants. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system was found strongly stimulated in both mother and fetus. The high values of plasma renin activity in fetus were due exclusively to the high renin concentrations the substrate concentration being normal. In the mother, however, the markedly elevated renin substrate resulted in a doubling of relative values of renin activity compared to renin concentration. Therefore gradients of renin and renin substrate across the placenta are established, but the resulting renin activity is similar on both sides and the levels of generated angiotensin II are also nearly indentical with a good correlation between these last parameters. Aldosterone is as elevated in mother as in fetus whereas cortisol, due to its binding to transcortin, is twice as high in mother as in fetus. No correlation was found between renin activity or concentration of angiotensin II and aldosterone or cortisol indicating that other factors controlling aldosterone are involved.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1976
          1976
          28 November 2008
          : 17
          : 5
          : 353-360
          Affiliations
          Laboratoire d’lnvestigation Clinique, Division d’Endocrinologie, Département de Médecine, Hôpital Cantonal, Genève
          Article
          180741 Nephron 1976;17:353–360
          10.1159/000180741
          972715
          © 1976 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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