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      Hemodynamic Comparison of Combined Therapy by Nitroglycerin Tape and Ibopamine with Combination of Nitroglycerin Tape and Nifedipine

      a , b , c

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Heart failure, Nitroglycerin, Combined therapy, Ibopamine, Nifedipine

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          Abstract

          Fifteen congestive heart failure patients (NYHA: class III or IV) were enrolled in the study and were classified into two groups. Six patients (group I) received combined therapy by nitroglycerin tape (5 mg) and ibopamine (100 mg), while the remaining 9 patients (group II) were given nitroglycerin tape (5 mg) and nifedipine (10 mg). The effects of the combined treatments on hemodynamics were compared between the two groups using Swan-Ganz catheter method. No significant differences were noted in the hemodynamic baseline values of the two groups before treatment. In group I mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPA) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) decreased and the cardiac index (CI) increased, while the heart rate (HR) and mean blood pressure (mBP) remained unchanged. In group II mBP, mPA and SVR were lowered, whereas CI and HR were augmented. There were no significant differences between the two groups with respect to mPA and CI. However, mBP decreased in group II, while it remained unchanged in group I, with significant difference between the two groups (p < O.01). Preload and afterload, on the base of mPA and SVR, respectively, decreased in both groups, while cardiac output increased, suggesting that both treatments were useful for the improvement of cardiac output. Mean BP decreased in group II, although it remained unchanged in group I. These results suggest that the combination of nitroglycerin and ibopamine may be more useful in hypotensive patients with heart failure.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5309-4
          978-3-318-01566-9
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1990
          1990
          12 November 2008
          : 77
          : Suppl 5
          : 49-56
          Affiliations
          aKasumigaura Branch Hospital, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Ibaraki; bMishima Shakaihoken Hospital, Mishima; cChiba Shakaihoken Hospital, Chiba, Japan
          Article
          174696 Cardiology 1990;77:49–56
          10.1159/000174696
          1703920
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Ibopamine in the Management of Congestive Heart Failure

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