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      Influence of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery on Thyroid Hormone Parameters

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          Abstract

          The postoperative period after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with a low T3 syndrome, i.e. low T3 and fT3 concentrations in the presence of normal T4 and TSH concentrations. So far, results from studies evaluating thyroid function during and after CPB are rather conflicting. We therefore evaluated prospectively thyroid function in 28 patients before, during and up to 3 days after coronary artery bypass surgery. We could demonstrate the most significant changes in thyroid hormone concentrations on day 1 after CPB (low T3 and fT3 concentrations, elevated rT3 concentrations in the presence of a significant fall of TSH). T3 fell from 1.93 to 0.6 nmol/l and fT3 from 5.5 to 1.42 pmol/l. Those patients with low cardiac output syndrome after surgery had significantly lower T3 concentrations than patients without this complication. Moreover, those patients, who already had significant lower T3 values prior to CPB, also demonstrated low T3 concentrations on day 1 after CPB. Cortisol usually has a suppressive effect on TSH secretion. However, the effect of cortisol on TSH in patients undergoing CPB seems to be not that important: those patients with high endogenous cortisol concentrations on day 1 after CPB had similar TSH values to those patients with only slightly elevated cortisol concentrations. Also, the application of high doses of catecholamines seems to have only minor effects on TSH secretion, because those patients requiring high doses of dopamine over a prolonged time period had essentially the same TSH values after CPB. Patients who had been exposed preoperatively to high doses of iodine did not demonstrate significantly different thyroid hormone concentrations. In conclusion: We could demonstrate that CPB induces a low T3 syndrome up to 3 days after surgery. Those patients with low T3 concentrations prior to surgery demonstrate postoperatively a more severe degree of nonthyroidal illness (NTI).Catecholamines and cortisol seem to have only minor effects on the TSH secretion after CPB. The influence of a previous iodine contamination is negligible.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1997
          1997
          09 December 2008
          : 47
          : 1
          : 1-8
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Clinical Endocrinology, Medical Clinic, and bDepartment of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Essen, Germany
          Article
          185253 Horm Res 1997;47:1–8
          10.1159/000185253
          9010711
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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