1
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Insulin Resistance (HOMA) in Relation to Plasma Cortisol, IGF-I and IGFBP-3

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Objective: To investigate the possible contribution of plasma cortisol and growth hormone (GH) as reflected by insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I)/insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) on insulin action in short-statured children. Methods:In this study, insulin resistance (HOMA) was determined in 34 normal short-statured (age 9.4 ± 3.5 years) and in 19 GH-deficient children (age 10.4 ± 2.2 years). HOMA was examined in relation to fasting plasma cortisol, IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and in addition to birthweight and body mass index (BMI). Results: Birthweight was not correlated to insulin resistance. In GH-deficient children, BMI was significantly augmented and was associated with HOMA (p < 0.02). In both groups of patients, fasting plasma cortisol was related to HOMA (normal: r = 0.295, p < 0.05, GH-deficient: r = 0.495, p < 0.02). Only in normal short-statured children IGF-I (r = 0.338, p < 0.03) and IGFBP-3 (r = 0.493, p < 0.002) were associated with insulin resistance. Conclusion: The results indicated that at a young age cortisol contributed to insulin resistance in short-statured children. In normal short-statured children HOMA was associated with IGF-I and IGFBP-3. Possibly GH, a known cause of insulin resistance, contributed to HOMA as IGF-I and IGFBP-3 do not mediate insulin resistance but reflect growth hormone secretion. The results in GH-deficient children supported this conclusion as in the absence of GH insulin resistance was not associated with IGF-I/IGFBP-3.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 4

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Genetic versus environmental aetiology of the metabolic syndrome among male and female twins.

           K Kyvik,  H. Beck,  A Vaag (2001)
          The aetiology of the metabolic syndrome including hyperinsulinaemia, glucose intolerance, dyslipidaemia, hypertension and obesity is not known. We studied the relative impact of genetic versus environmental factors for the development of the components in the syndrome among male and female twins. A total of 303 elderly twin pairs participated in the study. We report concordances and heritability estimates of the components by classic twin analysis to assess the proportion of variation attributed to genetic factors. All components correlated significantly. The concordance rates for glucose intolerance, overall obesity and low HDL-cholesterol were significantly higher among monozygotic than dizygotic twins indicating a genetic influence on the development of these phenotypes. The heritability estimates for glucose concentration, BMI and HDL-cholesterol among monozygotic twins confirmed these findings. The heritability estimates for waist-to-hip ratio, fasting insulin and triglycerides, however, were low, indicating a major environmental influence. We found a higher genetic influence on glucose intolerance and systolic blood pressure and a lower genetic influence on low HDL-cholesterol and diastolic blood pressure among male twins compared to female twins. Based on the correlations between the components in the syndrome, we propose a core complex including hyperinsulinaemia, obesity, hypertriglyceridaemia and low HDL-cholesterol with only weak associations to glucose concentrations and blood pressure levels. The study confirms the notion of a multifactorial aetiology of the components including genetic and non-genetic factors. The differences in aetiology between male and female twins indicate an influence of sex on several of the components in the metabolic syndrome.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Elevated Plasma Cortisol Concentrations: A Link between Low Birth Weight and the Insulin Resistance Syndrome?

             D Phillips (1998)
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Childhood size is more strongly related than size at birth to glucose and insulin levels in 10-11-year-old children.

              In adults low birthweight and thinness at birth are associated with increased risk of glucose intolerance and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We have examined the relations between size at birth (birthweight, thinness at birth) and levels of plasma glucose and serum insulin in children, and compared them with the effects of childhood size. We performed a school-based survey of 10-11-year-old British children (response rate 64%) with measurements made after an overnight fast. One group of children (n = 591) was studied fasting while the other (n = 547) was studied 30 min after a standard oral glucose load (1.75 g/kg). Serum insulin was measured by a highly specific ELISA method. Birthweight was assessed by maternal recall and thinness at birth using birth records. Neither fasting nor post-load glucose levels showed any consistent relationship with birthweight or ponderal index at birth. After adjustment for childhood height and ponderal index, both fasting and post-load insulin levels fell with increasing birthweight. For each kg increase in birthweight, fasting insulin fell by 16.9% (95% confidence limits 7.1-25.8%, p = 0.001) and post-load insulin by 11.6% (95% confidence limits 3.5-19.1%, p = 0.007). However, the proportional change in insulin level for a 1 SD increase in childhood ponderal index was much greater than that for birthweight (27.2% and -8.8%, respectively, for fasting insulin). We conclude that low birthweight is not related to glucose intolerance at 10-11 years, but may be related to the early development of insulin resistance. However, in contemporary children obesity is a stronger determinant of insulin level and insulin resistance than size at birth.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2002
                2002
                28 October 2002
                : 58
                : 5
                : 229-232
                Affiliations
                Departments of aPediatrics and bBiometrics and Medical Documentation, University of Ulm, Germany
                Article
                66266 Horm Res 2002;58:229–232
                10.1159/000066266
                12401942
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 2, References: 28, Pages: 4
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Comments

                Comment on this article