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      Efficacy of Teucrium polium leaves extract as anticoccidial and anthelmintic: In vitro study Translated title: [Eficácia do extrato das folhas de Teucrium polium como anticoccidiano e anti-helmíntico: Estudo in vitro]

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          Abstract

          ABSTRACT Natural sources are microbiological species and medicinal plants, which could be potential new sources for development of drugs against different diseases. Coccidiosis affects many animals and leads to great economic losses. Drug-resistant strains of Eimeria species have emerged because of overuse and misuse of drugs. In vitro, using Eimeria papillata oocyst and earthworm (Eisenia fetida), we evaluated the anticoccidial and anthelmintic effect of Teucrium polium leaves extract (TPLE). Using infrared spectroscopy showed the presence of thirteen compounds for TPLE. Mebendazole (10 mg/mL) caused paralysis and earthworm death by 13.91±0.373 and 18.2±0.980 min, respectively, while, for TPLE (100 mg/ml) were 4.23±0.077 and 4.817±0.386 min. Also, the histological study revealed obvious surface architecture abnormality for treated worms. Moreover, TPLE (300 mg/mL) and formalin (5%) at 72, 96, and 120 hrs led to inhibition of sporulation by approximately 100% with marked deformities, while TPLE (200, 100, 50, and 25 mg/mL), amprolium, DettolTM, and phenol at 120 hr approximately 65.9%, 23.6%, 4.8%, 3.2%, 12.6%, 68.4%, and 46.6%, respectively. This pilot investigation revealed that TPLE possesses anticoccidial and anthelmintic activity, encouraging additional testing in vivo to create a new medication for the treatment of coccidiosis and helminthiasis.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMO As fontes naturais são espécies microbiológicas e plantas medicinais, que podem ser novas fontes potenciais para o desenvolvimento de medicamentos contra diferentes doenças. A coccidiose afeta muitos animais e causa grandes perdas econômicas. Cepas resistentes a medicamentos de espécies de Eimeria surgiram devido ao uso excessivo e indevido de medicamentos. In vitro, usando oocistos de Eimeria papillata e minhocas (Eisenia fetida), avaliamos o efeito anticoccidiano e anti-helmíntico do extrato das folhas de Teucrium polium (TPLE). O uso da espectroscopia de infravermelho mostrou a presença de treze compostos para o TPLE. O mebendazol (10mg/mL) causou paralisia e morte da minhoca em 13,91±0,373 e 18,2±0,980 minutos, respectivamente, enquanto que para o TPLE (100mg/ml) foram 4,23±0,077 e 4,817±0,386 minutos. Além disso, o estudo histológico revelou uma anormalidade óbvia na arquitetura da superfície dos vermes tratados. Além disso, o TPLE (300 mg/mL) e a formalina (5%) em 72, 96 e 120 horas levaram à inibição da esporulação em aproximadamente 100% com deformidades marcantes, enquanto o TPLE (200, 100, 50 e 25 mg/mL), o amprólio, o DettolTM e o fenol em 120 horas foram de aproximadamente 65,9%, 23,6%, 4,8%, 3,2%, 12,6%, 68,4% e 46,6%, respectivamente. Essa investigação piloto revelou que o TPLE possui atividade anticoccidiana e anti-helmíntica, incentivando testes adicionais in vivo para criar um novo medicamento para o tratamento de coccidiose e helmintíase.

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          Plant saponins are widely distributed amongst plants and have a wide range of biological properties. The more recent investigations and findings into their biological activities were summarized. Isolation studies of saponins were examined to determine which are the more commonly studied plant families and in which families saponins have been identified.
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            Antioxidant activities of Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz extracts

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              Chemical and pharmacological studies of saponins with a focus on American ginseng.

              Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) are the two most recognized ginseng botanicals. It is believed that the ginseng saponins called ginsenosides are the major active constituents in both ginsengs. Although American ginseng is not as extensively studied as Asian ginseng, it is one of the best selling herbs in the U.S., and has garnered increasing attention from scientists in recent years. In this article, after a brief introduction of the distribution and cultivation of American ginseng, we discuss chemical analysis of saponins from these two ginsengs, i.e., their similarities and differences. Subsequently, we review pharmacological effects of the saponins, including the effects on the cardiovascular system, immune system, and central nervous system as well as the antidiabetes and anti-cancer effects. These investigations were mainly derived from American ginseng studies. We also discuss evidence suggesting that chemical modifications of ginseng saponins would be a valuable approach to develop novel compounds in drug discovery.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                abmvz
                Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
                Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
                Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil )
                0102-0935
                1678-4162
                October 2023
                : 75
                : 5
                : 872-882
                Affiliations
                [1] Riyadh Riyadh orgnameKing Saud University orgdiv1College of Science orgdiv2Department of Zoology Saudi Arabia
                [2] Riyadh Riyadh orgnameKing Saud University orgdiv1College of Food and Agricultural Science orgdiv2Department of Food Science and Nutrition Saudi Arabia
                Article
                S0102-09352023000500872 S0102-0935(23)07500500872
                10.1590/1678-4162-13014
                c10e807f-fa2f-4dde-868e-cd236c519df9

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 09 March 2023
                : 19 April 2023
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 56, Pages: 11
                Product

                SciELO Brazil

                Categories
                Veterinary Medicine and Technology and Inspection of Animal Products

                treatment,Teucrium polium,coccidiose,tratamento,coccidiosis,helminthiasis,helmintíase

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