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      Cytomegalovirus Colitis during Mycophenolate Mofetil Therapy for Wegener’s Granulomatosis

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          Abstract

          Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection of the gastrointestinal tract is an increasingly recognized cause of morbidity and mortality during the course of HIV infection and in association with immunosuppressive pharmacotherapy. Mycophenolate mofetil, a novel immunosuppressive drug, is currently used in renal transplant recipients and is under evaluation for a variety of disorders. There is preliminary evidence to suggest that CMV reactivation may be more common during treatment with mycophenolate than with other immunosuppressive drugs. We present the case of a 59-year-old male with Wegener’s granulomatosis who received mycophenolate and presented with guaiac-positive diarrhea 8 weeks after recovery from Salmonella brandenburg infection. CMV serology and assays for CMV antigens were entirely negative. Colonoscopy demonstrated pancolitis and examination of the specimens disclosed CMV infection. Ganciclovir was administered and the patient made an uneventful recovery. We discuss aspects of gastrointestinal CMV infection with an emphasis on pitfalls in diagnosis and the association with mycophenolate mofetil treatment. We also speculate as to the potential role of previous Salmonella infection and proinflammatory cytokines in CMV reactivation. In summary, when using mycophenolate, clinicians should be more aware of CMV reactivation and disease.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Placebo-controlled study of mycophenolate mofetil combined with cyclosporin and corticosteroids for prevention of acute rejection

            (1995)
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            Randomised trial of systemic methotrexate versus laparoscopic salpingostomy in tubal pregnancy

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              AJN
              Am J Nephrol
              10.1159/issn.0250-8095
              American Journal of Nephrology
              S. Karger AG
              0250-8095
              1421-9670
              2000
              December 2000
              22 December 2000
              : 20
              : 6
              : 468-472
              Affiliations
              aDepartment of Nephrology, Franz-Volhard-Clinic, Charité Campus Berlin-Buch, Humboldt-University, and bPathology Services, Klinikum Buch, Berlin, Germany
              Article
              46201 Am J Nephrol 2000;20:468–472
              10.1159/000046201
              11146314
              © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 3, References: 18, Pages: 5
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46201
              Categories
              Case Report

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