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      Teoria social, agricultura familiar e pluriatividade Translated title: Théorie sociale, agriculture familiale et pluriactivité Translated title: Social theory, family farming and pluriactivity

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          Abstract

          Este artigo procura apresentar um referencial de análise que permita entender a pluriatividade como um estratégia de reprodução social e econômica das famílias rurais. O tema central trata a agricultura familiar e a pluriatividade do ponto de vista teórico e conceitual. Situa-se o contexto em que aparece o estudo da agricultura familiar e da pluriatividade no Brasil e discute-se a origem e a evolução do debate sobre a pluriatividade, uma situação eminentemente relacionada à realidade dos países desenvolvidos. Situam-se, ainda, as análises sobre a pluriatividade no contexto das tradições teóricas clássicas dos estudos agrários, mostrando como esse fenômeno já fora objeto de preocupação de outros autores. Analisa-se, em seguida, a pluriatividade no âmbito das principais abordagens analíticas contemporâneas da teoria social e indica-se qual o referencial teórico que parece adequado ao seu estudo. Por fim, é indicada uma perspectiva metodológica para o estudo da pluriatividade em unidades familiares.

          Translated abstract

          Cet article présente un référentiel d'analyse permettant de comprendre la pluriactivité en tant que stratégie de reproduction sociale et économique des familles rurales. Dans l'introduction, l'auteur situe le contexte dans lequel émerge l'étude de l'agriculture familiale et de la pluriactivité au Brésil. La première partie aborde l'origine et l'évolution du débat sur la pluriactivité, une situation éminemment liée à la réalité des pays développés. Dans la seconde partie, l'auteur cherche à situer les analyses sur la pluriactivité dans le contexte des traditions théoriques classiques des études agraires, en montrant comment ce phénomène a déjà été l'objet d'études par d'autres auteurs. Dans la troisième partie, l'auteur situe la pluriactivité dans les principales approches analytiques contemporaines de la théorie sociale et indique quel est le référentiel théorique qui correspond le mieux à son étude. La quatrième partie aborde le thème central de l'article, qui se réfère à la relation de l'agriculture familiale et de la pluriactivité du point de vue théorique et conceptuel. La cinquième et dernière partie, est indiquée une perspective méthodologique pour l'étude de la pluriactivité dans les unités familiales.

          Translated abstract

          This paper aims at presenting an analytical reference that allows understanding pluriactivity as a strategy for social and economic reproduction for rural families. In the introduction, we present the context in which the study of family farming and pluriactivity emerges in Brazil. In the first section, we discuss the origin and evolution of the debate about pluriactivity, a situation mainly related to the reality in developed countries. In the second section, we try to position the analysis of pluriactivity in the context of the theoretical traditions that are classical in agrarian studies, showing how this phenomenon has already been object of concern for others authors. In the third section, we aim to position pluriactivity in the main contemporaneous analytical approaches of the social theory and indicate which one seems to be adequate for the study. In the fourth section, we discuss the central theme of this paper, which is the relationship between family farming and pluriactivity from a theoretical and conceptual point of view. In the fifth section, we indicate a methodological perspective to study pluriactivity in family units.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                s_rbcsoc
                Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais
                Rev. bras. ciênc. soc.
                Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Ciências Sociais - ANPOCS (São Paulo )
                0102-6909
                February 2003
                : 18
                : 51
                : 99-122
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Brazil
                Article
                S0102-69092003000100008
                10.1590/S0102-69092003000100008
                Product
                Product Information: website

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