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      Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of zearalenone in corn, wheat, and pig feed: collaborative study.

      Journal of AOAC International

      Animal Feed, analysis, Animals, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Food Contamination, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity, Spectrophotometry, Swine, Triticum, chemistry, Zea mays, Zearalenone

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          A direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) screening method for zearalenone in corn, wheat, and feed at 500 ng/g was evaluated by 23 collaborators (22 laboratories) in an international collaborative study. Eighteen samples of spiked or naturally contaminated corn, wheat, and pig feed were prepared by the sponsoring laboratory and sent for testing with complete test kits to participating collaborators in Canada, Italy, Sweden, The Netherlands, and the United States. Test samples were extracted with methanol-water solution (70 + 30) by shaking on a wrist-action shaker for 3 min. A portion of the extract was mixed with an equal volume of zearalenone-enzyme conjugate, and the mixture was incubated with zearalenone-specific monoclonal antibodies coated onto microtiter wells. All test samples were assayed in duplicate. One of 52 (2%) blanks was reported positive. Thirty-nine of the 52 (75%) samples that were spiked at 500 ng/g were reported as positive. Forty-nine of the 51 (96%) samples with concentrations at or above 1000 ng/g were reported as positive. The overall incidence of false negatives was 6.0% and the incidence of false positives was 22.7% by the ELISA method. Only one (3.4%) false negative was reported for samples containing > or = 800 ng/g. In the spectrophotometric method, 8 collaborators determined approximate levels of zearalenone in test samples from standard curves constructed from spiked extracts (0-3000 ng/g of each commodity tested). This method gave and overall incidence of false negatives of 5.7% and false positives of 17.8%. Average relative standard deviations, RSDr (repeatability) and RSDR (reproducibility), were 11.6 and 25.1% for spiked samples and 11.7 and 33.1% for naturally contaminated samples, respectively. Standard curves were constructed with each set of samples assayed. Comparison of absorbance values from these standard curves indicate the performance of reagents and antibody used in the assay. The ELISA method has been adopted first action by AOAC INTERNATIONAL as a screening method for zearalenone at > or = 800 ng/g in corn, wheat, and pig feed.

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