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      Vegetation affinity of species Typha shuttleworthii in the western part of the Carpathians, with Typhetum shuttleworthii as a new association to Slovakia

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          Abstract

          Typha shuttleworthii (Shuttleworth’s bulrush) is a rare species throughout its distribution range including Carpathians. However, a substantial increase in its finds has been noticed in the last twenty years. This study summarises the present knowledge and brings new data on vegetation with T. shuttleworthii occurrence from the western part of the Carpathians (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Ukraine) with the aims of evaluating the phytosociological affinity of this species and providing new information about the ecology of the relevant plant communities. We found that T. shuttleworthii mainly occurred in marsh vegetation (the Phragmito-Magnocaricetea class) including the Typhetum shuttleworthii association. Some plots also corresponded to transitional stands between marshes and wet meadows of the Molinio-Arrhenatheretea class ( Molinietalia caeruleae order). Moisture and soil reaction were identified as principal factors responsible for variation in species composition of the vegetation. Typhetum shuttleworthii was recognised as new for the territory of Slovakia and confirmed in all other countries, Czech Republic, Poland and Ukraine. Our results could contribute to better preservation of the species and its habitats and thus be very important for practical nature conservation.

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          Most cited references 33

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                1
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:F9B2E808-C883-5F47-B276-6D62129E4FF4
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:245B00E9-BFE5-4B4F-B76E-15C30BA74C02
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2020
                04 May 2020
                : 8
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Institute of Botany, Plant Science and Biodiversity Center, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia Institute of Botany, Plant Science and Biodiversity Center, Slovak Academy of Sciences Bratislava Slovakia
                [2 ] Slovak Academy of Sciences, Zvolen, Slovakia Slovak Academy of Sciences Zvolen Slovakia
                [3 ] Podtatranské Museum in Poprad, Poprad, Slovakia Podtatranské Museum in Poprad Poprad Slovakia
                [4 ] Administration of the Muránska planina National Park, Revúca, Slovakia Administration of the Muránska planina National Park Revúca Slovakia
                [5 ] Department of Phytology, Faculty of Forestry, Technical University in Zvolen, Zvolen, Slovakia Department of Phytology, Faculty of Forestry, Technical University in Zvolen Zvolen Slovakia
                [6 ] Department of Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic Department of Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany of the Czech Academy of Sciences Brno Czech Republic
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Richard Hrivnák ( richard.hrivnak@ 123456savba.sk ).

                Academic editor: Luis Cayuela

                Article
                52151 13553
                10.3897/BDJ.8.e52151
                7217979
                Richard Hrivnák, Michal Slezák, Drahoš Blanár, Pavel Širka, Kateřina Šumberová

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 47
                Categories
                Research Article

                europe, threatened species, wetland vegetation

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