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      Prevention of Cardiac Hypertrophy in Experimental Chronic Renal Failure by Long-Term ACE Inhibitor Administration: Potential Role of Lysosomal Proteinases

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          Abstract

          The pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy in chronic uremia is poorly understood. In the present study, the long-term effects of chronic uremia on cardiac morphology and various cysteine proteinases of the heart were investigated in rats with and without antihypertensive therapy by the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril or by the calcium channel blocker verapamil. 16 weeks after subtotal nephrectomy considerable uremia had developed associated with arterial hypertension, rise in heart weight and heart weight/body weight ratio. Morphologically myocardial cells developed marked hypertrophy. Determination of various cysteine proteinases by fluorometry revealed a significant decline of cathepsin B activity while the activities of cathepsin H and L were unchanged. Antihypertensive treatment with enalapril and verapamil normalized the blood pressure and improved renal function significantly. Myocardial cell hypertrophy and the enhanced heart weight/body weight ratio were normalized under treatment with enalapril but not with verapamil. Simultaneously, the impaired cathepsin B activity returned to the normal range after enalapril treatment. It is concluded that the cardiac hypertrophy in uremia is at least partly caused by an activation of the circulating and/or cardiac renin-angiotensin system. Impaired proteinase activity in the uremic state may be involved in the development of cardiac hypertrophy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          1995
          1995
          28 October 2008
          : 15
          : 2
          : 129-136
          Affiliations
          Departments of aInternal Medicine and bPathology, University of Würzburg, Germany
          Article
          168817 Am J Nephrol 1995;15:129–136
          10.1159/000168817
          7733149
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Laboratory Investigation

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