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      Thalidomide for the Treatment of Uremic Pruritus: A Crossover Randomized Double-Blind Trial

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          Abstract

          Our observation that thalidomide administration to a dialysis patient with leprosy alleviated his pruritus led us to condut this short-term study to assess the efficacy of the drug in this regard. From 210 hemodialysis patients, 29 cases of refractory uremic pruritus were entered into the study. Patients were instructed to score their symptoms from 0 to 3, three times a day and assigned to receive thalidomide or placebo at bed time for 7 days. After a washout period of 7 days, drugs were crossed over. Response was defined as a reduction of at least 50% in the pruritus scoring. Eigtheen patients finished the study. In the first phase, 55% of patients responded showing a mean reduction in their pruritus scoring of 78% (p < 0.05 vs. placebo); no response to placebo was observed. A similar proportion of patients responded to thalidomide in the second phase with a mean reduction in their pruritus scoring of 81%. In conclusion, thalidomide can be a precious tool in the handling of uremic pruritus unresponsive to available therapy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1994
          1994
          17 December 2008
          : 67
          : 3
          : 270-273
          Affiliations
          Fundação do Rim Francisco Santino Filho and Nephrology Division of the Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
          Article
          187978 Nephron 1994;67:270–273
          10.1159/000187978
          7936015
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Thalidomide, Uremic pruritus, Uremia Hemodialysis

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