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      Lipoprotein Derangement during Steroid Treatment in Minimal-Change Nephrotic Syndrome

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          Abstract

          To study the pathophysiology of hyperlipidemia in nephrotic syndrome, we compared lipid metabolism in the nephrotic stage (stage 1) and in stage 2, when albuminuria had subsided, in 11 patients with minimal-change disease treated with corticosteroid. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels were decreased and HDL contained more cholesterol and triglyceride per unit of protein in stage 1 in the patients than in age-matched healthy controls. The urinary protein level was positively correlated only with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels, suggesting that the increased albumin clearance stimulated LDL production. Serum cholesterol levels were positively correlated with apolipo-protein E levels and were negatively correlated with lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase activity in the nephrotic stage; the opposite correlations were seen in controls. Although triglycerides in HDL had normalized at stage 2, triglycerides in LDL and very-low-density lipoprotein did not return toward normal until stage 3, when serum cholesterol levels were normalized.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          19 December 2008
          : 73
          : 4
          : 606-612
          Article
          189148 Nephron 1996;73:606–612
          10.1159/000189148
          8856259
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

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