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      Indigenous Knowledge and Vocational Education: Marginalisation of Traditional Medicinal Treatments in Rwandan TVET Animal Health Courses


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          This study explores Rwandan ethno-veterinary knowledge and the degree to which this knowledge is reflected in the country's technical and vocational education and training (TVET) instruction. The knowledge considered is the Indigenous medicinal knowledge used by rural Rwandan livestock farmers to treat their cattle. Through interviews with farmers, TVET graduates and TVET teachers, and an examination of the current TVET Animal Health curriculum, the research identifies a neglect of Indigenous knowledge in the curriculum, despite the fact that local farmers use numerous Indigenous medicinal innovations to treat their animals. The focus of the Rwanda's TVET Animal Health curriculum is on Western-origin modern veterinary practices. The authors argue that this leaves Rwandan TVET Animal Health graduates unprepared for optimal engagement with rural farmers and with the full range of potential treatments.

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          Most cited references27

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          Herbal usage and informant consensus in ethnoveterinary management of cattle diseases among the Kikuyus (Central Kenya).

          For most smallholder farmers in Kenya conventional veterinary drugs have become very expensive and therefore unaffordable, causing them to seek low cost alternatives that are rarely documented in most ethnobiological studies. This study surveyed the utilisation of traditional herbal preparations in managing cattle ailments in Central Kenya with the aim of providing a comprehensive ethnobotanical profile and the most important plant species that may warrant scientific validation for efficacy and commercial utilisation. Using semi-structured questionnaires and detailed discussions with smallholder farmers, a total of 40 plant species in 26 families were found to be useful in traditional management of various cattle ailments in this region. Two plant families were particularly frequent in usage: Asteraceae and Lamiaceae, while the most utilised plant species were found to be Synadenium compactum N.E.Br. (Euphorbiaceae), Solanecio manii (Hook.f.) C. Jeffrey (Asteraceae) and Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) Irwin and Barneby (Caesalpinaceae). Informant consensus was particularly high in managing anaplasmosis, East coast fever and ectoparasites. Such plant species become key target in efficacy tests and for development of commercial veterinary botanicals. The usage of some of the species is unfortunately unsustainable as some of the species are rare or endangered hence the need for conservation strategies to be undertaken.
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            The socio-cultural context and practical implications of ethnoveterinary medical pluralism in western Kenya

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              Local Knowledge as Trapped Knowledge: Intellectual Property, Culture, Power and Politics


                Author and article information

                The African Journal of Information and Communication
                LINK Centre, School of Literature Language and Media (SLLM), Faculty of Humanities, University of the Witwatersrand (Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa )
                : 27
                : 1-23
                [02] orgnameUniversity of Ottawa orgdiv1Faculty of Law
                [03] Waterloo orgnameCentre for International Governance Innovation Canada
                [05] Musanze orgnameUniversity of Rwanda orgdiv1College of Agriculture, Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
                [04] orgnameOpen African Innovation Research orgdiv1Steering Committee Member and Researcher
                [01] Kigali orgnameUniversity of Rwanda orgdiv1College of Business and Economics
                S2077-72132021000100002 S2077-7213(21)02700000002

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 27, Pages: 23
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                ethno-veterinary medicine,Indigenous knowledge,medicinal herbs,technical and vocational education and training (TVET),Rwanda,livestock farming,cattle,animal health


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