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      Changes in the health status of the Hungarian Defence Forces in an ageing society

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          Abstract

          Introduction

          The continuous collection, monitoring, and analysis of morbidity data enable health professionals to plan the capacity of the care system, to organise and optimise care, to measure the burden of diseases resulting from each morbidity, and to estimate its expected evolution.

          Material and methods

          In our study, we analyse the data of patient flow reports for the period 2011 to 2020 for the healing and preventive basic service defined as the basic task of the primary health care system (troop health service) of the Hungarian Defence Forces.

          Results

          Over 850,000 doctor-patient encounters over the ten-year period were mostly due to some form of acute care need, infection, and respiratory illness. The morbidity structure has not changed significantly over the period. In all cases, the top three were diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J99), diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99), as well as musculoskeletal and connective tissue diseases (M00-M99). In 2020, the highest number of people with restrictions for health reasons in the period under review was 131 for diseases of the circulatory system and 179 for musculoskeletal disorders. In recent years, the time spent on medical leave or on sick leave has increased significantly in terms of the number of cases of incapacity to work.

          Conclusions

          Accurate knowledge of morbidity and health data can also provide the military leadership with important information on combat fitness, especially when the ever-increasing task load (mission activity, border tasks, Covid-19) has to be met by an armed corps selected from an ageing population.

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          Author and article information

          Contributors
          Journal
          2066
          Developments in Health Sciences
          DHS
          Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
          2630-9378
          2630-936X
          09 March 2022
          Affiliations
          [ 1 ] Department of Health Promotion, Hungarian Defence Forces Medical Center , Budapest, Hungary
          [2 ] School of Doctoral Studies, National University of Public Service , Budapest, Hungary
          [3 ] Faculty of Health Sciences, Semmelweis University , Budapest, Hungary
          [4 ] University of Physical Education , Budapest, Hungary
          Author notes
          [* ]Corresponding author. Department of Health Promotion, Hungarian Defence Forces Medical Center , Barackos út 88, Szentendre H-2000, Hungary. Tel.:+ 0036204292429; Work Tel.:+ 003614651800/73007. E-mail: novakattila09@ 123456gmail.com ; novak.attila@ 123456hm.gov.hu
          Article
          10.1556/2066.2022.00052
          c25fdea5-a691-4431-bff2-8189b6b52bb5
          © 2022 The Author(s)

          Open Access. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 3, Equations: 0, References: 11, Pages: 06

          Medicine,Immunology,Health & Social care,Microbiology & Virology,Infectious disease & Microbiology
          morbidity structure,military health status,military health

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