In August 2016, more than 10,000 athletes representing over 200 countries will converge
Rio de Janeiro for the 'biggest sporting event on the planet'1 and the first Olympic
Games ever held in South America. In September
2016, another 4000 athletes will be participating in the Paralympics. The world's
athletes will be competing in 42 events for the Olympics and 22 events for the Paralympics.
What an exciting time for Brazil!
This special issue on SPORTS in the Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy comes at
opportune time for practitioners who work with athletes of all levels of ability and
throughout various phases of their rehabilitation recovery. With contributions by
international group of 'elite' practitioners in their field, readers will be sure
their topic of interest in this special SPORTS issue. These topics range from expert
clinical commentaries and critical reviews to presentations of original research related
common sports injuries.
While the World Cup generates an international enthusiasm for soccer, it also informs
viewer about the injuries to soccer players. The article "SPORTS INJURIES PROFILE
FIRST DIVISION BRAZILIAN SOCCER TEAM: A DESCRIPTIVE COHORT STUDY" by Reis and colleagues
provides information from a descriptive cohort study regarding injury profiles in
division Brazilian soccer players, including the influence of player's age and position
injuries. An appropriate and relevant follow up to this manuscript is presented by
Hespanhol Junior and colleagues: "MEASURING SPORTS INJURIES ON THE PITCH: A GUIDE
TO USE IN
PRACTICE." This paper reviews the basic concepts of injury monitoring systems in sports
participation and encourages the implementation of these concepts in practice.
Runners are featured in the manuscript "MALE AND FEMALE RUNNERS DEMONSTRATE DIFFERENT
SAGITTAL PLANE MECHANICS AS A FUNCTION OF STATIC HAMSTRING FLEXIBILITY". In this article,
Blase Williams and colleagues assess the effect of hamstring length on running mechanics
both male and female runners and discuss the implications for injury. For athletes
sustained a knee injury, the timing for when it is safe to return to sports can be
challenging. In the manuscript "A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR A SPORTS KNEE INJURY PERFORMANCE
PROFILE (SKIPP) AND RETURN TO ACTIVITY CRITERIA (RTAC)," Logerstedt and colleagues
a comprehensive system that focuses on specific indicators of rehabilitation progression,
and present criteria for safe return to sports following knee injury.
Patellar tendinopathy is a common problem in athletes whose sports require jumping.
article "PHYSICAL THERAPISTS' ROLE IN PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF PATELLAR TENDINOPATHY
INJURIES IN YOUTH, COLLEGIATE, AND MIDDLE-AGED INDOOR VOLLEYBALL ATHLETES" Kulig and
colleagues discuss intervention strategies that include education, rehabilitation,
and return to sport that are athlete-specific. Patellar tendinopathy is not the only
condition linked to sports involving jumping. Achilles tendinopathy is also common
highly problematic in jumping activities. In the manuscript "CLINICAL COMMENTARY OF
EVOLUTION OF THE TREATMENT FOR CHRONIC PAINFUL MID-PORTION ACHILLES TENDINOPATHY"
discusses the results of research that evolved and changed practice, including the
treatment for Achilles tendinopathy.
Given that Golf will be returning to the 2016 Summer Games for the first time in 112
Evans and Tuttle's "IMPROVING PERFORMANCE IN GOLF: CURRENT RESEARCH AND IMPLICATIONS
CLINICAL PERSPECTIVE" is a well-timed contribution. Using best evidence from biomechanical
and motor control research, the manuscript offers a pragmatic approach to enhancing
Core stability is frequently a focus of an athlete's rehabilitation program, yet there
little evidence to support the link between core stability and injury. The article
Silfies and colleagues, "CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE IMPACT OF CORE STABILITY ON UPPER
ATHLETIC INJURY AND PERFORMANCE" provides an in-depth review of the existing science
regarding core stability and its association between upper limb injuries and athletic
performance. The upper limb is also featured in the article by Cools and colleagues,
"PREVENTION OF SHOULDER INJURIES IN OVERHEAD ATHLETES: A SCIENCE BASED APPROACH."
authors discuss the key risk factors that may be used to guide injury prevention and
to sports after shoulder injury.
Finally, an in-depth commentary regarding the importance of study design for injury
prediction is presented in the manuscript by Hewett and colleagues "MULTI-CENTER TRIAL
MOTION ANALYSIS FOR INJURY RISK PREDICTION: LESSONS LEARNED FROM PROSPECTIVE LONGITUDINAL
LARGE COHORT COMBINED BIOMECHANICAL -EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES." In their paper, the
illustrate the research process and emphasize the need for continued, collaborative
prospective study designs.
Passion and Transformation: this is the essence of the
emblem2 chosen for the Olympic and Paralympic
Games in Brazil that 'synthesizes its values and guides its action'. The Passion through
sports, reflected in the drive and desire for achievement. Transformation in the pride
creating a new reality for progress. This special issue of SPORTS captures the passion
the practitioner in the clinic/research laboratory who desires to optimize health
performance of all athletes, and likewise challenges physical therapists to continue
strive for the transformation of practice.
Deborah A. Nawoczenski PT, PhD Guest Co-editor, SPORTS Special Issue
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy