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      A Meta-Analytic Review of the Consequences Associated with Work–Family Enrichment

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      Journal of Business and Psychology
      Springer Nature

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          Perceived organizational support: a review of the literature.

          The authors reviewed more than 70 studies concerning employees' general belief that their work organization values their contribution and cares about their well-being (perceived organizational support; POS). A meta-analysis indicated that 3 major categories of beneficial treatment received by employees (i.e., fairness, supervisor support, and organizational rewards and favorable job conditions) were associated with POS. POS, in turn, was related to outcomes favorable to employees (e.g., job satisfaction, positive mood) and the organization (e.g., affective commitment, performance, and lessened withdrawal behavior). These relationships depended on processes assumed by organizational support theory: employees' belief that the organization's actions were discretionary, feeling of obligation to aid the organization, fulfillment of socioemotional needs, and performance-reward expectancies.
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            Antecedents and outcomes of work-family conflict: testing a model of the work-family interface.

            A comprehensive model of the work-family interface was developed and tested. The proposed model extended prior research by explicitly distinguishing between work interfering with family and family interfering with work. This distinction allowed testing of hypotheses concerning the unique antecedents and outcomes of both forms of work-family conflict and a reciprocal relationship between them. The influence of gender, race, and job type on the generalizability of the model was also examined. Data were obtained through household interviews with a random sample of 631 individuals. The model was tested with structural equation modeling techniques. Results were strongly supportive. In addition, although the model was invariant across gender and race, there were differences across blue- and white-collar workers. Implications for future research on the work-family interface are discussed.
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              Work and family satisfaction and conflict: a meta-analysis of cross-domain relations.

              This meta-analysis is a review of the literature examining the relations among stressors, involvement, and support in the work and family domains, work-family conflict, and satisfaction outside of those domains. Results suggest that a considerable amount of variability in family satisfaction is explained by work domain-specific variables, whereas a considerable amount of variability in job satisfaction is explained by family domain-specific variables, with job and family stress having the strongest effects on work-family conflict and cross-domain satisfaction. The authors propose future directions for research on work and family issues focusing on other explanatory mechanisms and moderators of cross-domain relations. 2007 APA, all rights reserved
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Business and Psychology
                J Bus Psychol
                Springer Nature
                0889-3268
                1573-353X
                September 2010
                October 10 2009
                : 25
                : 3
                : 381-396
                Article
                10.1007/s10869-009-9141-1
                c2a502fc-1338-4e17-9e32-31b6b1ba95e4
                © 2009
                History

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