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      Appropriating Shakespearean graphic novels for Malaysian classrooms to create correct gender representations


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          Public awareness on gender education may not be easily translated in living classrooms, which prompts new alternatives. In this study, we explored Shakespearean graphic novels in exposing Malaysian school students to gender-related issues. The two-fold research entails tracing the female presence in eight selected images from digital graphic novels that define the gender and place social expectations across the globe; and secondly, gathering teachers’ perception of these selected graphic novels. The chosen images were divided into two categories—those published as the cover pages of graphic novels and those that were contested for the Graphic Shakespeare Competition established in 2016. These stereotypical images of women are inconsistent with the objective of achieving inclusivity and correct gender representations. The data analysed based on a semi-structured interview on six ESL teachers suggest that as much as the graphic novels are seen as valuable in pedagogical contexts and in exposing the students to learning English and gender representations through literature, the material selection, and pedagogical approaches, including determining the classroom activities must be cautiously considered in terms of their cultural appropriateness to ensure students’ readiness and effective outcomes. Discussing these pertinent issues, especially in addressing gender (mis)representations relevant to education, helps pave a new route within the UN SDG Goal 5 where gender nuances and phrases ought to be carefully constructed in a new narrative that shapes global perception towards women.

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              Social comparisons on social media: the impact of Facebook on young women's body image concerns and mood.

              The present study experimentally investigated the effect of Facebook usage on women's mood and body image, whether these effects differ from an online fashion magazine, and whether appearance comparison tendency moderates any of these effects. Female participants (N=112) were randomly assigned to spend 10min browsing their Facebook account, a magazine website, or an appearance-neutral control website before completing state measures of mood, body dissatisfaction, and appearance discrepancies (weight-related, and face, hair, and skin-related). Participants also completed a trait measure of appearance comparison tendency. Participants who spent time on Facebook reported being in a more negative mood than those who spent time on the control website. Furthermore, women high in appearance comparison tendency reported more facial, hair, and skin-related discrepancies after Facebook exposure than exposure to the control website. Given its popularity, more research is needed to better understand the impact that Facebook has on appearance concerns.

                Author and article information

                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                07 December 2022
                : 13
                : 874960
                [1] 1Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia , Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
                [2] 2Academy of Language Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA , Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
                [3] 3Centre of English Language Studies, Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin , Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
                [4] 4Deanship of Preparatory Year, Science and Arts College, Northern Border University , Turaif, Saudi Arabia
                Author notes

                Edited by: José Manuel Aguilar Parra, University of Almeria, Spain

                Reviewed by: Ana Manzano-León, University of Almeria, Spain; Helmi Norman, National University of Malaysia, Malaysia; Anastasio García-Roca, University of Almeria, Spain

                *Correspondence: Mazlin Azizan, mazlinazizan@ 123456uitm.edu.my

                This article was submitted to Educational Psychology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Copyright © 2022 Ismail, Azizan, Rashid and Asif.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                : 13 February 2022
                : 20 September 2022
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 3, Equations: 0, References: 102, Pages: 13, Words: 11740
                Original Research

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                graphic novels,gender equity,pedagogical tools,sdg goal 5,malaysia


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