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      Structures of Toxoplasma gondiiTachyzoites, Bradyzoites, and Sporozoites and Biology and Development of Tissue Cysts

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      Clinical Microbiology Reviews
      American Society for Microbiology

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          Abstract

          Infections by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii are widely prevalent worldwide in animals and humans. This paper reviews the life cycle; the structure of tachyzoites, bradyzoites, oocysts, sporocysts, sporozoites and enteroepithelial stages of T. gondii; and the mode of penetration of T. gondii. The review provides a detailed account of the biology of tissue cysts and bradyzoites including in vivo and in vitro development, methods of separation from host tissue, tissue cyst rupture, and relapse. The mechanism of in vivo and in vitro stage conversion from sporozoites to tachyzoites to bradyzoites and from bradyzoites to tachyzoites to bradyzoites is also discussed.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Clinical Microbiology Reviews
          Clin. Microbiol. Rev.
          American Society for Microbiology
          0893-8512
          1098-6618
          April 01 1998
          April 01 1998
          April 01 1998
          April 01 1998
          : 11
          : 2
          : 267-299
          Article
          10.1128/CMR.11.2.267
          106833
          9564564
          c2fac1f8-2ef9-48cb-8fc4-997a6a8494e6
          © 1998
          History

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