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      Effect of Progesterone on Peripheral Blood Flow in Prepubertal Female Anesthetized Pigs

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          Abstract

          This study was undertaken to determine the effects of progesterone on the peripheral circulation. In prepubertal female pigs anesthetized with sodium pentobarbitone, changes in the superior mesenteric, left renal and left external iliac flow caused by intravenous infusion of progesterone were assessed using electromagnetic flow meters. Changes in heart rate and arterial blood pressure were prevented by atrial pacing and by connecting the arterial system to a pressurized reservoir containing Ringer solution. In 20 pigs, infusion of 1 mg/kg of progesterone increased mesenteric, renal and iliac flow. In a further 4 pigs, the vasodilatory effects of the hormone were enhanced by graded increases in the dose between 1, 2 and 3 mg/kg. The mechanisms of these responses were studied in the 20 pigs by repeating the experiment after hemodynamic variables had returned to the control values before infusion. In 5 pigs, blockade of adrenergic receptors with propranolol and phentolamine did not affect the responses elicited by progesterone. The increases in mesenteric, renal and iliac flow to progesterone were prevented, respectively, by the injection of N<sup>ω</sup>-nitro- L-arginine methyl ester into the mesenteric (5 pigs), the renal (5 pigs) or the iliac artery (5 pigs). The present study shows that intravenous infusion of progesterone dilated mesenteric, renal and iliac circulations. The mechanism of this response involved the release of nitric oxide.

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          Most cited references 2

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          The Effect of Progesterone on Coronary Blood Flow in Anaesthetized Pigs

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            Preserved Forearm Endothelial Responses with Acute Exposure to Progesterone: A Randomized Cross-Over Trial of 17-  Estradiol, Progesterone, and 17-  Estradiol with Progesterone in Healthy Menopausal Women

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              JVR
              J Vasc Res
              10.1159/issn.1018-1172
              Journal of Vascular Research
              S. Karger AG
              1018-1172
              1423-0135
              2001
              December 2001
              07 December 2001
              : 38
              : 6
              : 569-577
              Affiliations
              Laboratorio di Fisiologia, Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia di Novara, Università del Piemonte Orientale ‘A. Avogadro’, Novara, Italy
              Article
              51093 J Vasc Res 2001;38:569–577
              10.1159/000051093
              11740156
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 5, Tables: 2, References: 21, Pages: 9
              Categories
              Research Paper

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