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      Post catheterisation vein stenosis in haemodialysis: comparative angiographic study of 50 subclavian and 50 internal jugular accesses.

      Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

      etiology, Aged, Catheterization, Central Venous, adverse effects, Female, Humans, Jugular Veins, radiography, Male, Middle Aged, Renal Dialysis, Subclavian Vein, Vascular Diseases

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          From January 1986 to December 1990 we studied angiographically the subclavian-brachiocephalic vein of 100 patients dialysed by subclavian catheter for 50 (first group) and by internal jugular catheter for the 50 others (second group). These two groups were not statistically different as regards age (61.6 +/- 11.3 years in the first and 61 +/- 11.1 in the second), sex (48% and 56% were women), duration of catheter insertion (31 +/- 21.8 and 31.7 +/- 16 days), and the number of dialysis sessions (13.5 +/- 9.1 and 13.6 +/- 7.1). The type of catheters, the frequency of removal for poor flow (16% in both groups) or infections (6% in both groups), and the local nursing were similar in the two groups. The only difference was the side of cannulation: the right side in 58% of cases in group 1 and 78% in group 2. The angiographic study revealed a stenosis of the vein in 42% of the subclavian group and in 10% of the internal jugular group: a dramatic difference in favour of the internal jugular route, whose superiority over the subclavian route is asserted in respect of venous access of dialysed patients.

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