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      Advancing psychotherapy and evidence‐based psychological interventions

      , 1 , 27 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 ,   14 , 8 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 21 , 15 , 6 , 7 , 25 , 26 , 21

      International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research

      John Wiley and Sons Inc.

      cognitive endophenotypes, dimensional approaches, cognitive processing, models for psychopathology, cognitive behavioural therapy, effectiveness, children, adolescents, e‐mental health

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          Abstract

          Psychological models of mental disorders guide research into psychological and environmental factors that elicit and maintain mental disorders as well as interventions to reduce them. This paper addresses four areas. (1) Psychological models of mental disorders have become increasingly transdiagnostic, focusing on core cognitive endophenotypes of psychopathology from an integrative cognitive psychology perspective rather than offering explanations for unitary mental disorders. It is argued that psychological interventions for mental disorders will increasingly target specific cognitive dysfunctions rather than symptom‐based mental disorders as a result. (2) Psychotherapy research still lacks a comprehensive conceptual framework that brings together the wide variety of findings, models and perspectives. Analysing the state‐of‐the‐art in psychotherapy treatment research, “component analyses” aiming at an optimal identification of core ingredients and the mechanisms of change is highlighted as the core need towards improved efficacy and effectiveness of psychotherapy, and improved translation to routine care. (3) In order to provide more effective psychological interventions to children and adolescents, there is a need to develop new and/or improved psychotherapeutic interventions on the basis of developmental psychopathology research taking into account knowledge of mediators and moderators. Developmental neuroscience research might be instrumental to uncover associated aberrant brain processes in children and adolescents with mental health problems and to better examine mechanisms of their correction by means of psychotherapy and psychological interventions. (4) Psychotherapy research needs to broaden in terms of adoption of large‐scale public health strategies and treatments that can be applied to more patients in a simpler and cost‐effective way. Increased research on efficacy and moderators of Internet‐based treatments and e‐mental health tools (e.g. to support “real time” clinical decision‐making to prevent treatment failure or relapse) might be one promising way forward. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Int J Methods Psychiatr Res
          Int J Methods Psychiatr Res
          10.1002/(ISSN)1557-0657
          MPR
          International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
          John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Hoboken )
          1049-8931
          1557-0657
          January 2014
          23 December 2013
          : 23
          : Suppl 1 ( doiID: 10.1002/mpr.v23.S1 )
          : 58-91
          Affiliations
          [ 1 ] Department of Clinical Psychology University of Amsterdam Amsterdam The Netherlands
          [ 2 ] Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Babes‐Bolyai University Cluj‐Napoca Romania
          [ 3 ] Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Department of Oncological Sciences New York USA
          [ 4 ] KU Leuven, Leuven Belgium and University of Amsterdam Amsterdam The Netherlands
          [ 5 ] Maastricht University Maastricht The Netherlands
          [ 6 ] Department of Clinical Psychology VU University Amsterdam Amsterdam The Netherlands
          [ 7 ] EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research VU University and VU University Medical Centre Amsterdam The Netherlands
          [ 8 ] Leuphana University Lüneburg Germany
          [ 9 ] Department of Psychology University of Trier Trier Germany
          [ 10 ] Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Swedish Institute for Disability Research Linköping University Linköping Sweden
          [ 11 ] Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychiatry Section Karolinska Institutet Stockholm Sweden
          [ 12 ] Academic Unit of Psychiatry, School of Social and Community Medicine University of Bristol Bristol UK
          [ 13 ] University of Valencia Valencia Spain
          [ 14 ] Centre for Psychological Services Research, Department of Psychology University of Sheffield Sheffield UK
          [ 15 ] Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy University of Marburg, Marburg and Philipps‐University Marburg Marburg Germany
          [ 16 ] Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy University of Bern Bern Switzerland
          [ 17 ] Jaume I University Castellón Spain
          [ 18 ] Department of Psychology Stockholm University Stockholm Sweden
          [ 19 ] Psychoeducation and Psychological Treatments Area, Barcelona Bipolar Disorders Unit, IDIBAPS‐CIBERSAM Institute of Neurosciences, Hospital Clinic Barcelona Spain
          [ 20 ] Roehampton University London UK
          [ 21 ] KU Leuven Leuven Belgium
          [ 22 ] Boston University Boston MA USA
          [ 23 ] Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Technische Universität Dresden Dresden Germany
          [ 24 ] Virginia Tech University Blacksburg VA USA
          [ 25 ] Department of Psychiatry VU University Medical Centre Amsterdam The Netherlands
          [ 26 ] KU Leuven, Leuven Belgium and University of Amsterdam Amsterdam The Netherlands
          [ 27 ] King Abdulaziz University Jeddah Saudi Arabia
          Author notes
          [* ] Correspondence: Paul M.G. Emmelkamp, Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018 XA Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

          Email: P.M.G.Emmelkamp@ 123456uva.nl

          Article
          PMC6878277 PMC6878277 6878277 MPR1411
          10.1002/mpr.1411
          6878277
          24375536
          Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
          Page count
          Pages: 34
          Categories
          Supplement Article
          Supplement Articles
          Custom metadata
          2.0
          January 2014
          Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_JATSPMC version:5.7.2 mode:remove_FC converted:15.11.2019

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