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      Biorefineries in circular bioeconomy: A comprehensive review

      , ,
      Bioresource Technology
      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Biorefinery is a sustainable means of generating multiple bioenergy products from various biomass feedstocks through the incorporation of relevant conversion technologies. With the increased attention of circular economy in the past half-decade with the emphasis of holistically addressing economic, environmental, and social aspects of the industrial-sector, biorefinery acts as a strategic mechanism for the realization of a circular bioeconomy. This study presents a comprehensive review of different biorefinery models used for various biomass feedstocks such as lignocelluloses, algae, and numerous waste-types. The review focuses on how biorefinery is instrumental in the transition of various biomass-based industries in a circular bioeconomy. The results reveal that the social-economic aspect of the industrial sector has a major influence on the full adoption of biorefineries in circular bioeconomy. Biomass wastes have played a major role in the implementation of biorefinery in circular bioeconomy. The current challenges are also presented along with future perspectives.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Bioresource Technology
          Bioresource Technology
          Elsevier BV
          09608524
          December 2019
          December 2019
          : 122585
          Article
          10.1016/j.biortech.2019.122585
          31901305
          c41dadc4-eb53-4e25-a2f4-e584e69e13c3
          © 2019

          https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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