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      Leptin Correlates with Some Hemostatic Parameters in CAPD Patients

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          Abstract

          Hyperleptinemia is also common in chronic renal failure, particularly in CAPD. On the other hand, cardiovascular events related to thrombosis are a predominant cause of death and account also for an important morbidity in uremic patients. Treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) may shift the precarious hemostatic balance towards thrombosis. Therefore, the aim of the study was to assess the relationships between leptin and platelet aggregation and some hemostatic parameters in CAPD patients treated with rHuEPO. The study was performed on 15 patients maintained on CAPD given rHuEPO and 13 subjects without rHuEPO therapy served as a control group. Platelet aggregation was studied in both platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and in the whole blood. Tissue factor (TF) and tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) (antigens and activities), von Willebrand factor, trombomodulin, protein C, thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) and leptin (serum and dialysate) were assayed by using commercially available kits. Patients in both groups studied did not differ significantly with respect to age, BMI, duration of renal replacement therapy, and other hematological and hemostatic parameters studied as well as leptin serum and dialysate leptin. In CAPD patients treated with rHuEPO serum and dialysate leptin significantly correlated with tissue factor pathway inhibitor, protein C, thrombomodulin, ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation in the whole blood and PRP. In CAPD patients not treated with rHuEPO the significant correlations were observed between serum and dialysate leptin and protein C. Positive correlations between platelet aggregation and leptinemia in CAPD patients might indicate that hyperleptinemia could be associated with the cardiovascular disease in dialyzed patients. Leptin might contribute at least in part to the thrombotic complications observed in CAPD patients.

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          Most cited references 4

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          Design and synthesis of multi-haem proteins.

          A water-soluble, 62-residue, di-alpha-helical peptide has been synthesized which accommodates two bis-histidyl haem groups. The peptide assembles into a four-helix dimer with 2-fold symmetry and four parallel haems that closely resemble native haems in their spectral and electrochemical properties, including haem-haem redox interaction. This protein is an essential intermediate in the synthesis of molecular 'maquettes', a novel class of simplified versions of the metalloproteins involved in redox catalysis and in energy conversion in respiratory and photosynthetic electron transfer.
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            Low leptin gene expression and hyperleptinemia in chronic renal failure.

            The ob gene product leptin is thought to be a key regulator of food intake and body weight. Patients having advanced chronic renal failure (CRF) have markedly higher serum leptin levels. It is not known whether the increase in leptin levels in CRF is caused by a decreased plasma clearance and/or increased production. In the present study serum leptin levels and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were measured in 219 patients having various degrees of renal failure. In addition, serum leptin levels, C-reactive protein (CRP), body composition (by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry) and ob gene expression (by in situ hybridization histochemistry) were determined in 15 patients with advanced CRF. Seven of the patients were re-evaluated following 12 months of peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment. Serum leptin levels correlated negatively to GFR (r = -0.26; P 25 mg/liter than in 10 patients with CRP < 25 mg/liter. Following 12 months of PD, the amount of body fat increased by 30% while the ob gene expression remained unchanged. The present study shows a correlation between serum leptin levels and GFR, and our results suggest that elevated leptin levels, due to a decreased plasma clearance, down-regulate the expression of the ob gene. We also found that an ongoing inflammation stimulates ob gene expression in patients with CRF. Therefore, it is suggested that the hyperleptinemia induced feedback inhibition of ob gene expression is overcome by inflammatory cytokines.
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              Daily variations of platelet aggregation in relation to blood and plasma serotonin in diabetes.

              The circadian rhythms of platelet aggregation in the whole blood and platelet rich plasma-PRP and plasma serotonin were studied in healthy volunteers (n = 10) and diabetic patients (type II diabetes mellitus n = 12). Platelet aggregation in the whole blood induced by collagen (2 micrograms/ml), ADP (10 microM), arachidonic acid (0.5 mM) and epinephrine (10 microM), and in PRP induced by collagen (2 micrograms/ml), ADP (5 microM), arachidonic acid (250 microM), epinephrine (10 microM) and serotonin-5-HT (1 microM) was measured at 7:30, 11:30, 17:00, 23:00, 4:00 and 7:00. In healthy subjects collagen- and ADP-induced platelet aggregation in the whole blood was significantly lower at 23:00 and 4:00 when compared to values at 7:30. In PRP normal and diabetic platelet response was the lowest during the night. Diabetic platelets exhibited an enhanced response to 5-HT starting from 17:00 until 4:00 when compared to 7:30. 5-HT-induced platelet aggregation was found to be significantly higher throughout the study in DM patients over controls in parallel to plasma 5-HT. In healthy volunteers plasma 5-HT was higher at 17:00 when compared to baseline values, whereas in DM patients plasma 5-HT was elevated starting from 17:00 until 4:00. An enhanced response of diabetic platelets to 5-HT together with elevated plasma 5-HT levels may contribute, at least partly, to the pathogenesis of diabetic vasculopathy and 5HT2 receptor blockers may be of value in DM patients.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                2002
                September 2002
                26 September 2002
                : 92
                : 3
                : 721-724
                Affiliations
                Departments of aNephrology and bGynecological Endocrinology, Białystok School of Medicine, Białystok, Poland
                Article
                64074 Nephron 2002;92:721–724
                10.1159/000064074
                12372966
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 2, References: 18, Pages: 4
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/64074
                Categories
                Short Communication

                Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

                Erythropoietin, Leptin, Platelet aggregation, Hemostasis, CAPD

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