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      Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera, Psychodidae) from the Ankarana tsingy of northern Madagascar: inventory and description of new taxa Translated title: Les phlébotomes (Diptera, Psychodidae) des tsingy d’Ankarana dans le nord de Madagascar : inventaire et description de nouveaux taxons

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          An inventory of Phlebotomine sandflies was carried out in the Ankarana tsingy located in far northern Madagascar. A total of 723 sandflies were used for morphological, morphometric, and molecular studies (sequencing of partial cytochrome B (mtDNA) and partial 28S (rDNA)). Nine species were identified: Phlebotomus fertei, Sergentomyia anka, Se. sclerosiphon, Se. goodmani, two species of the genus Grassomyia, as well as three new species described herein: Se. volfi n. sp., Se. kaltenbachi n. sp., and Se. ozbeli n. sp. The recognition of these new species is strongly supported by molecular analyses. The first two of the new species could not be classified into any existing subgenus, therefore we proposed two new subgenera ( Ranavalonomyia subg. nov., and Riouxomyia subg. nov.), with combinations as: Sergentomyia (Ranavalonomyia) volfi and Sergentomyia (Riouxomyia) kaltenbachi. Our study reveals important molecular variability in Se. anka, with the recognition of a population whose taxonomic status remains below that of species. Our research confirms the need to further study the specific diversity of Malagasy sandflies, which until the start of this millennium remained mostly unknown.

          Translated abstract

          Un inventaire des Phlébotomes a été réalisé dans les tsingy d’Ankarana à l’extrême nord de Madagascar. Au total, 723 phlébotomes ont servi à des études morphologique, morphométrique et moléculaire (séquençage d’une partie du cytochrome B (ADNmt) et d’une partie de l’ADNr 28S). Neuf espèces ont été identifiées : Phlebotomus fertei, Sergentomyia anka, Se. sclerosiphon, Se. goodmani, deux espèces du genre Grassomyia, ainsi que trois espèces nouvelles décrites dans ce travail : Se. volfi n. sp., Se. kaltenbachi n. sp., and Se. ozbeli n. sp. L’individualisation de chacune de ces espèces nouvelles est robustement soutenue par les analyses moléculaires. Les deux premières de ces espèces nouvelles ne pouvaient pas être classées dans un sous-genre existant et nous avons proposé pour elles deux sous-genres nouveaux : Ranavalonomyia subg. nov., et Riouxomyia subg. nov, avec les combinaisons Sergentomyia (Ranavalonomyia) volfi et Sergentomyia (Riouxomyia) kaltenbachi.Notre étude révèle une variabilité moléculaire marquée chez Se. anka avec l’individualisation d’une population dont le statut taxinomique demeure populationnel. Nos travaux confirment la nécessité de poursuivre l’étude de la biodiversité des Phlébotomes qui est restée méconnue dans ce pays jusqu’au début de ce millénaire.

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                Author and article information

                EDP Sciences
                30 June 2019
                : 26
                : ( publisher-idID: parasite/2019/01 )
                [1 ] Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Faculté de Pharmacie, ANSES, SFR Cap Santé, EA7510 ESCAPE – USC VECPAR 51 rue Cognacq-Jay 51096 Reims Cedex France
                [2 ] MIVEGEC Unit, IRD, CNRS, Univ Montpellier 911 avenue Agropolis BP 64501 34394 Montpellier Cedex 5 France
                [3 ] Laboratoire de Parasitologie-Mycologie, CHU de Reims 51100 Reims France
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: vincent.robert@ 123456ird.fr
                parasite190024 10.1051/parasite/2019039
                © A. Blavier et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2019

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 18, Tables: 6, Equations: 0, References: 38, Pages: 27
                Research Article


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