This paper compares patient and episode characteristics in allied health services delivered in country and metropolitan hospitals. Eight public hospitals (46 allied health services) participated in the study (three country and five metropolitan sites, situated in South Australia, Queensland and Tasmania). Standardised rates of patient throughput were similar for country and metropolitan allied health services, despite smaller numbers of country staff providing services to larger geographical areas. Although the differences were not significant, country patients were generally older and had more chronic conditions than metropolitan patients. Fewer country patients than metropolitan patients were eligible for rebates in the private sector. In addition, fewer alternative services were available in country communities, which heightened the role of the public hospital outpatients services within the community. This paper provides an argument for similar funding arrangements for country and metropolitan ambulatory allied health services.